Enable the European scientific community to achieve and sustain excellence in science and technology, being a constant source of inspiration, fascination and motivation for Europe at large; and be a pillar in the creation and maintenance of space skills and capabilities for Europe, including advanced technologies that are key for the competitiveness of European industry on the worldwide scene.
Achieve these key objectives through the level of resources for mandatory activities for the period 2017 to 2021:
- launch readiness of CHEOPS to study exoplanet transits;
- launch of BepiColombo, on an Ariane 5;
- launch of the NASA-led James Webb Space Telescope mission, on an Ariane 5;
- launch of Solar Orbiter to study the Sun and heliosphere, by a NASA-provided Atlas 5; and
- launch of Euclid to understand the nature of ‘dark energy’, on a Soyuz from CSG.
Each of the four ESA-led missions that will be launched in the coming years demonstrates European excellence in its respective field, and is based on unique European technology. All the candidate missions now under study address equally fundamental scientific challenges, showing the unique virtuous cycle of scientific and technological excellence between the European scientific community and industry. In addition to the new missions starting to bear fruit, a number of the programme’s current missions will continue to produce key results (these ‘highlight’ results are the outcome of long-past decisions and investments). A vibrant scientific community engaged in world-class basic research is the foundation of any innovation and growth process. As shown by its highly visible, unique achievements, the Scientific Programme fosters excellence and thus contributes crucially to the innovation and growth of Europe.