ESA title
IASI instrumentation

IASI description

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ESA / Applications / Observing the Earth / Meteorological missions / MetOp

The IASI instrument is composed of the following parts:

A scan mirror that orientates the viewing direction with respect to geometrical and time constraints. Once released, the mirror position is servo-controlled in operating modes. The mirror remains free when the subsystem is not operational.

An interferometer that divides the incident plane wave into two waves to recombine it after introducing an optical path difference.

Hot optics which transmit the incoming light through the interferometer into the cold optical part.
Cold optics including a field stop, which define the instantaneous field of view by four circular holes and which divide the beam into three channels and drives the energy to the detectors.

The three-detector packaging are mounted on the back side of the cryo radiator that cools down to 95-100K.


IASI components - view 1
IASI components - view 1

Note: The CCM, the Beam Splitter and the corner cube together form the interferometer.
The Mirror M1, M2, M3 and M4 (not visible on the drawing) form the Hot Optics.
The Hot Optics and the interferometer plus the laser elements form the IHOS (Interferometer Hot Optics Subsystem).

IASI components - view 2
IASI components - view 2

An integrated imager that is used for co-registration with the AVHRR/3 instrument.

An acquisition chain that transforms analogue signals into over-sampled digitised signals.

A data processing part which produces the calibrated spectrum for each field of view.

Note: In addition, two electronic units (IMSH and DPS) are mounted inside MetOp on panel 2B.

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