Occultation signal path

GRAS ground processor prototype

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ESA / Applications / Observing the Earth / Meteorological missions / MetOp

The GRAS GPP is a Ground-based software tool devoted to compute level 1b products (mainly bending angle and impact parameter) from the carrier phase measurements measured by the instrument. First step is to demultiplex the data and perform the instrument compensation using characterisation data measured before launch. Compensated carrier phase measurement will then be corrected for geometrical distance between the transmitter and receiver positions and for clock errors to build the residual atmospheric phase. Accurate positions of both GPS spacecrafts and the MetOp satellite are obtained using Precise Orbit Determination facilities that also provide clock error information.

Transformation to Doppler measurement and retrieval algorithms will provide the atmosphere contribution in terms of a ray-bending angle. Two retrieval methods will be used, Geometrical Optics for Stratosphere and higher part of the Troposphere, and Back Propagation to cope with diffraction effect in the Troposphere.

GPP flowchart
GPP flowchart

Verification of GPP is performed in two steps:

- Interface between instrument outputs and GPP processing is verified using real data from the instrument
- Performance is assesed by developing a test software simulating all the environment (atmosphere, ionosphere, clocks, orbits, propagation, ground stations, receiver) with errors associated

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