Since 1975 the European Space Agency, ESA, has been pooling the resources of its Member States and leading cooperation with other nations to build a European space capability, undertaking programmes and activities far beyond the scope of any single European country.
ESA develops the space infrastructure needed to keep Europe at the forefront of global activities and plays a critical role in building a strong and competitive local industry.
ESA develops launchers, ground facilities and the technology to send satellites into space for Earth observation, navigation, telecommunications, and astronomy, sending probes to the far reaches of the Solar System, as well as cooperating in the human exploration of space and creating practical applications for space on Earth.
ESA has 22 Member States: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Slovenia is an Associate Member. Canada takes part in certain programmes under a cooperation agreement.
ESA has signed European Cooperating States Agreements with Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Bulgaria and Cyprus and cooperation agreements with Malta and Croatia.
A mosaic of Europe made up of ESA satellite images.