ESA Astronaut Luca Parmitano in the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center near Moscow, Russia, 19 June 2019.
Training to fly the Soyuz spacecraft includes simulating the ride in space in a centrifuge to recreate the forces felt on launch and landing.
The training focuses on a manual “PYZ mode” reentry that can be initiated if the normal automated “AYZ mode” of returning to Earth cannot be used.
This image shows the CF-7 centrifuge which is used to train in working conditions on the Soyuz.
Luca is training for his Beyond mission which will see him return to the International Space Station in 2019 as part of Expedition 60/61, alongside NASA astronaut Andrew Morgan and Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexander Skvortsov.
Luca was the first of ESA’s 2009 astronaut class to fly to the International Space Station. His first mission Volare, meaning 'to fly' in Italian, took place in 2013 and lasted 166 days. Luca conducted two spacewalks and many experiments that are still running today.
Connect with Luca via lucaparmitano.esa.int.