Be it in space or on Earth, food is a key element in supporting human life. But food availability is one of the biggest challenges we have to face everywhere around the globe, not only in terms of quantity but also in terms of quality. Space can be a strong ally to help humanity to develop more sustainable lifestyles, and use the best technology to create a balance between the availability and the consumption of resources. Satellites are definitely a major asset helping us to build more sustainable food systems on Earth. Moreover, the challenges of astronaut food set the best lifestyles example with regards to challenging food management situation and the research to enable food production in space is a way towards new highly efficient agricultural systems.