3. The geostationary orbit

Geostationary orbits of 36,000km from the Earth's equator are best known for the many satellites used for various forms of telecommunication, including television. Signals from these satellites can be sent all the way round the world. Telecommunication needs to "see" their satellite all time and hence it must remain stationary in the same positions relative to the Earth's surface.

Meteosat Second Generation has a geostationary orbit

A stationary satellite provides the advantage for remote sensing that it always views the Earth from the same perspective, which means that it can record the same image at brief intervals. This arrangement is particularly useful for observations of weather conditions. One disadvantage of geostationary orbits is the great distance to the Earth, which reduces the achievable spatial resolution.

Meteosat and other satellites in geostationary orbit
Meteosat and other satellites in geostationary orbit

There are a number of weather satellites evenly distributed in geostationary orbit all around the world to provide a global view.

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