Umberto Guidoni

Umberto Guidoni
Umberto Guidoni

Personal Data
Born August 18, 1954, in Rome, Italy. He is married and has one child. Enjoys swimming, volleyball, and classical music.

Education

Received a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics and a Doctorate in Astrophysics (Summa Cum Laude) from the University of Rome in 1978. Post-doctoral fellowship in plasma physics at the Thermonuclear Research Centre of CNEN from 1979-1980.

Special Honours

NASA Space Flight Medals (STS-75 in 1996, STS-100 in 2001)
“Commendatore della Repubblica” Award from the former Italian President Luigi Scalfaro.
“Grande Ufficiale della Repubblica” Award from the Italian President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi.

Organisations

Reserve Officer in the Italian Air Force.
Member of the Italian Space Society (ISS).

Experience

Umberto Guidoni in training
Umberto Guidoni in training

In 1982, Umberto Guidoni joined Italy’s National Energy Committee as a staff scientist and in 1983, he worked in the Solar Energy Division of the National Committee for Renewable Energy (ENEA) where he developed new techniques to characterise solar panels.

In 1984, he became a permanent researcher at the Space Physics Institute (IFSI-CNR) and was a co-investigator in the Research on Electrodynamic Tether Effects (RETE) experiment, one of the payloads selected for the first spaceflight of the Tethered Satellite System (TSS).

From 1985 until 1987, he collaborated on the development of the IFSI plasma chamber for laboratory simulations of electrodynamic tether phenomena and characterisation of plasma contactors in an ionospheric environment.

In 1988, he was appointed RETE Project Scientist, with responsibility for the integration of the experiment with the tethered satellite.

Umberto Guidoni in training
Umberto Guidoni in training

In 1989, Umberto Guidoni joined the Astronaut Office of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) as one of two Italian scientists selected to be trained as payload specialists for the US Space Shuttle's TSS-1 mission. In 1991, he was relocated to the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, US, where he underwent training as Alternate Payload Specialist. For the duration of the STS-46/TSS-1 mission (31 July - 8 August 1992), he assisted the science team for on-orbit operations at the Payload Operations Control Center (POCC) in Houston.

In 1995, he was selected for his first spaceflight. He was a Payload Specialist representing ASI on Space Shuttle mission STS-75/TSS-1R (22 February – 9 March 1996). The mission’s principal payloads were the reflight and deployment of the Tethered Satellite System (TSS) and the third flight of the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP-3).

In 1996, Umberto Guidoni joined the 1996 Mission Specialist International Class at the NASA Johnson Space Center. Having successfully completed the training, in April 1998, he worked in the Astronaut Office Robotics Branch for the Space Shuttle and International Space Station at NASA’s Johnson Space Center.

In August 1998, Umberto Guidoni joined ESA's European Astronaut Corps, the homebase of which is the European Astronaut Centre (EAC) located in Cologne, Germany.

From September 2001, Dr. Guidoni was temporarily assigned to ESA's European Space Research & Technology Centre (ESTEC) as crew support for the payloads that are being developed for the Columbus Laboratory. Columbus and its payloads, will be the European contribution to the scientific research performed on board the International Space Station.

Spaceflight experience

Umberto Guidoni flew as a Payload Specialist on the 16-day STS-75/TSS-1R mission (22 February – 9 March 1996). The principal payloads were the reflight and deployment of the Tethered Satellite System (TSS) and the third flight of the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP-3). The TSS experiment produced a wealth of new information on the electrodynamics of tethers and plasma physics despite the tether breaking after reaching a distance of 19.7 km from the Space Shuttle, just shy of the 20.7 km goal.

First ESA astronaut enters the ISS
Guidoni is the first European to have visited the ISS

From 19 April to 1 May 2001, Umberto Guidoni participated in the Space Shuttle’s STS-100 mission, being the first European on board the International Space Station. On that flight, the Space Shuttle delivered elements and equipment required for the ongoing assembly of the International Space Station. In particular, it carried the Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (called Raffaello), provided by the Italian Space Agency and loaded with lab outfitting equipment, as well as the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS), the Canadian robotic arm that will be used extensively to assemble the Space Station.

In July 2004 Umberto Guidoni became a Member of the European Parliament.

Last update: 20 October 2005

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