CryoSat publications

Wingham, D.J., Johannessen, O., Lemke, P., Tscherning, C., Picardi, G., Sandven, S., Vaughan, D., Laxon, S. and R. Scharroo, 1998, CryoSat: Response to the ESA Earth Explorer Opportunity Mission AO, UCL.

Wingham D., 1999, The First of the European Space Agency's Opportunity Missions: CryoSat, Earth Observation Quarterly, 63, ESA.

Drinkwater, M.R., Francis R., Ratier G. and Wingham D., The European Space Agency's Earth Explorer Mission CryoSat: Measuring Variability in the Cryosphere. Annals of Glaciology, vol.39, 313-320,2004.

CryoSat Science Report, 2003, ESA

Wingham D. J., Francis C.R., Baker S., Bouzinac C., Cullen R., de Chateau-Thierry P., Laxon S.W., Mallow U., Mavrocordatos C., Phalippou L., Ratier G., Rey L., Rostan F., Viau P., and Wallis D., CryoSat: A Mission to Determine the Fluctuations in Earth's Land and Marine Ice Fields. Advances in Space Research 37 (2006) 841-871.

Official project documentation

Cryosat Calibration and Validation Concept, 2001, ESA/UCL

CryoSat Mission and Data Description, 2007, ESA

CryoSat Data Processing Concept, 2001, ESA/UCL

CryoSat Science and Mission Requirements, 1999, ESA/UCL

CryoSat Ground Segment Instrument Processing Facility Level 1b, 2007

CryoSat Ground Segment Instrument Processing Facility Level 2, 2008


Gates, W.L. et al., 1996, Climate Models Evaluation, in Climate Change 1995, The science of climate change, Cambridge University Press.

Jensen, J. R. and R. K. Raney, 1996, Multi-Mission Radar Altimeter: Concept and Performance, Proceedings IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS'96, Lincoln, Nebraska, pp 2279-2281.

Jensen J.R. and R. K. Raney, 1998, Delay Doppler radar altimeter: better measurement precision, in Proceedings IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS'98. Seattle, WA: IEEE, pp. 2011-2013.

Kreyscher, M., M. Harder, P. Lemke, and G. M. Flato, 2000, Results of the Sea Ice Model Intercomparison Project: Evaluation of sea ice rheology schemes for use in climate simulations, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 11299-11320.

Laxon, S.W., 1994. Sea ice altimeter processing scheme at the EODC, Int. J. Rem. Sens., 15, (4), 915-924.

Laxon S., Peacock N. & Smith D., High interannual variability of sea-ice thickness in the Arctic Region, Nature, doi10.1038/nature02050.

Manabe, S., R.J. Stouffer, M.J. Spelman and K. Bryan, 1991, Transient Responses of a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model to Gradual Changes of Atmospheric CO2. Part 1: Annual Mean Response, Journal of Climate, 4, 785-818.

Raney R.K., 1998, The delay Doppler radar altimeter, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 36, pp. 1578-1588.

Wingham, D.J., A.J. Ridout, R. Scharroo, R.J. Arthern and C.K. Shum, 1998, Antarctic Elevation Change 1992 to 1996, Science, 282, 456 - 458

Wingham, D.J., L. Phalippou, C. Mavrocordatos, and D. Wallis, The Mean Echo And Echo Cross-Product From a Beamforming Interferometric Altimeter and Their Application to Elevation Measurements,IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 42, No. 10, 2305-2323, 2004.

CryoSat in the news

CryoSat mission delivers first sea-ice map
(BBC, June 2011)

CryoSat data reveals Arctic ocean circulation
(PlanetEarth online, December 2010)

CryoSat ice mission returns first science
(BBC News, December 2010)

Measuring the melting Arctic sea ice
(Miller-McCune, July 2010)

High above the Earth, satellites track melting ice
(Yale Environment 360, July 2010)

CryoSat-2 focuses on ice target
(BBC News, June 2010)

Europe's CryoSat-2 'ice explorer' ready for lift-off
(BBC News, April 2010)

CryoSat: more important than ever
(ESA Bulletin 141, February 2010)

A look around the 'ice explorer'
(BBC News, September 2009)

Ice mission returns for second go
(BBC News, September 2009)

SIRAL, a new generation of space altimeter
(Thales Alenia Space, September 2009)

Arctic ice thickness 'plummets'
(BBC News, October 2008)

Explorers' quest for key ice data
(BBC News, October 2007)

Last update: 21 June 2011

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