The Main Control Room at ESOC in the 1960s
The Main Control Room at ESOC in the 1960s

Mission history and status

This list comprises missions operated from ESOC, Darmstadt, Germany; missions whose launch and early orbit phase (LEOP) operations were conducted at ESOC; or, missions operated by ESA's Operations team from other locations.

ESOC Mission History
Name Purpose Launch date Note Mission duration
1 ESRO-2 Science 17.05.1968 - 3 years
2 ESRO-1A Science 03.10.1968 - 2 years
3 HEOS-A1 Science 05.12.1968 - 7 years
4 ESRO-1B Science 01.10.1969 - 2 months
5 HEOS-A2 Science 31.01.1972 - 2 years
6 TD-1A Science 12.03.1972 - 2 years
7 ESRO-4 Science 22.11.1972 - 2 years
8 COS-B Science 09.08.1975 - 7 years
9 GEOS-1 Science 20.04.1977 - 5 years
10 ISEE-2 Science 22.10.1977 Operated from NASA/GSFC 10 years
11 Meteosat-1 Weather 23.11.1977 - 8 years
12 IUE Science 26.01.1978 Operated from ESAC, joint w/NASA 18 years
13 GEOS-2 Science 14.07.1978 - 6 years
14 OTS-2 Telecom 11.05.1978 - 13 years
15 Meteosat-2 Weather 19.06.1981 - 10 years
16 Marecs-A Telecomm 20.12.1981 - 14 years, 9 months
17 Exosat Science 26.05.1983 - 3 years
18 ECS-1 Telecomm 16.06.1983 Operated from Redu 13 years, 6 months
19 ECS-2 Telecomm 04.08.1984 Operated from Redu 9 years
20 Marecs-B2 Telecomm 10.11.1984 - 7 years
21 Giotto Science 02.07.1985 - 7 years
22 ECS-4 Telecomm 16.09.1987 Operated from Redu 15 years, 3 months
23 Meteosat-P2 Weather 15.06.1988 - 7 years
24 ECS-5 Telecomm 21.07.1988 Operated from Redu 12 years
25 MOP-1 Weather 06.03.1989 - 6 years
26 Olympus Telecomm 12.07.1989 LEOP only -
27 Hipparcos Science 08.08.1989 - 4 years
28 Ulysses Science 06.10.1990 Operated by ESA from JPL 18 years
29 MOP-2 (Meteosat-5) Weather 02.03.1991 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT 15 years, 11 months
30 ERS-1 Earth observation 17.07.1991 Complete 5 years
31 Eureca Microgravity 31.07.1992 Retrieved by Shuttle 1 year
32 MOP-3 (Meteosat-6) Weather 20.11.1993 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
33 ERS-2 Earth observation 21.04.1995 Complete 16 years
34 ISO Science 17.11.1995 LEOP only - operated from ESAC -
35 MTP (Meteosat-7) Weather 03.09.1997 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
36 Cassini-Huygens Science 15.10.1997 Huygens on Titan 14.01.2005/Complete NASA Cassini continuing
37 Teamsat Technology demo 30.10.1997 Joint with ESTEC 5 days
38 Pastel Payload on Spot-4 24.04.1998 LEOP only -
39 XMM Science 10.12.1999 - Ongoing

40

Cluster-II Science 16.07.2000 Satellites 1 & 2 Ongoing
Cluster-II Science 09.08.2000 Satellites 3 & 4 Ongoing
41 Proba-1 Technology demo/Earth obs 22.10.2001 Operated from Redu Ongoing
42 Envisat Earth observation 01.03.2002 Complete 09.05.2012 9 years, 10 months
43 MSG-1 Weather 28.08.2002 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
44 Integral Science 17.10.2002 - Ongoing
45 Mars Express Science 02.06.2003 - Ongoing
46 SMART-1 Science 28.09.2003 Electric-ion propulsion -
47 Rosetta Science 02.03.2004 Philae comet landing 12.11.2014 Ongoing
48 MSG-2 Weather 21.12.2005 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
49 Venus Express Science 09.11.2005 Mission complete - data analysis continues 9 years
50 MetOp Weather 19.10.2006 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
51 GOCE Earth observation 17.03.2009 Electric-ion propulsion -
52 Herschel Science 14.05.2009 Orbit at L2 -
53 Planck Science 14.05.2009 Orbit at L2 -
54 Proba-2 Technology demo/Science/SSA 02.11.2009 Operated from Redu Ongoing
55 CryoSat Earth observation 08.04.2010 Ice mission Ongoing
56 Galileo IOV G1&G2 Navigation 21.10.2011 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from CST -
57 MSG-3 Weather 06.0720.12 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
58 Metop-B Weather 17.09.2012 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
59 Galileo IOV G3&G4 Navigation 12.10.2012 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from CST -
60 Proba-V Technology demo/Earth obs 07.05.2013 Operated from Redu Ongoing
61 SWARM Earth observation 22.11.2013 Trio studying Earth's magnetic field Ongoing
62 Gaia Observatory 19.12.2013 Billion-star surveyor Ongoing
63 Sentinel-1A Earth observation 03.04.2014 First Copernicus mission Ongoing
64 Galileo FOC G5&G6 Navigation 22.08.2014 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from ESOC -
65 IXV Tech demo 11.02.2015 ESOC support for Fdyn, Estrack, Ops -
66 Sentinel-2A Earth observation 23.06.2015 Second Copernicus mission Ongoing
67 Galileo FOC G7&G8 Navigation 27.03.2015 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from CST -
68 MSG-4 Weather 15.07.2015 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
69 Galileo FOC G9&G10 Navigation 11.09.2015 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from ESOC -
70 LISA Pathfinder Technology demo/Science 03.12.2015 Demonstrate technology for observing gravitational waves Ongoing
71 Galileo FOC G11&G12 Navigation 17.12.2015 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from CST -
72 Sentinel-3A Earth observation 16.02.2016 Third Copernicus mission/handover to Eumetsat after commissioning -
73 ExoMars/TGO Science 14.03.2016 First ExoMars mission - investigating unsolved mysteries of Martian atmosphere Ongoing
74 Sentinel-1B Earth observation 25.04.2016 Joined its identical twin, Sentinel-1A, in orbit to deliver radar data for Copernicus Ongoing
75 Galileo FOC G13&G14 Navigation 24.05.2016 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from ESOC -

Note: Galileo LEOPs are conducted alternately from ESOC and CNES Toulouse by a joint ESA/CNES mission team.

 

Notes

  1. For a full list of all missions conducted by ESA, access: Our Missions
  2. This list also includes IXV, which was supported by teams deployed from ESOC to the ALTEC control centre, Turin, and on board ship. In the past decades, numerous other missions operated from locations other than ESOC have been supported by personnel from ESOC, e.g. Ariane launches are supported by Estrack's Santa Maria station, while ATV missions were supported by operations specialists dispatched from ESOC to the ATV Control Centre, Toulouse.
 

Last update: 14 July 2016

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