How ESA Prepares for the Future
The European Space Agency is preparing for the future through a range of activities and programmes, which work together for efficient results. They can be divided into activities allowing for development of new activities and programmes in the short- to medium-terms as well as others which will not be complete until farther into the future.
Advanced Concepts Team (ACT)
Preparing for the future in the long term is the Advanced Concepts Team. This team is a channel for the study of technologies and ideas that are of strategic importance in the long term planning of the Agency. Some of the topics investigated by this team include advanced materials, artificial intelligence, bio-engineering, biomimetics, computational science, earth system science, energy systems, fundamental physics, informatics, mission analysis or propulsion.
General Studies Programme (GSP)
The General Studies Programme (GSP) has existed since the foundation of ESA to plan for the short to medium term. The GSP interacts in different ways with all of the ESA programmes, but its main role is to lay the groundwork for the Agency’s future activities.
The objectives of the General Studies Programme are to:
- Contribute to the formulation of the overall ESA strategy;
- Study feasibility for selection of new mission concepts;
- Prepare/demonstrate the case for approval and funding of new optional projects/programmes;
- Support the evolution of ESA by analysing and testing new working methodologies.
Space for Earth
The “Space for Earth” initiative aims at ensuring coordination across ESA of themes that are important to help to solve global challenges on Earth, and are dealt with by several individual programmes at ESA.
Space for Earth aims to:
- promote the internal and external knowledge of those activities
- illustrate the benefit of internal synergies
- inform potential users
- help with the identification of needs that can be covered by space systems
- support the development of systems and activities that will cover needs not covered by existing programmes