Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury.
Medicine is both an area of knowledge (a science), and the application of that knowledge (by the medical profession and other health professionals such as nurses). In that context, space plays a significant role in 5 main areas:
Tele-education is a tool useful for helping both space explorers as well as health workers in remote areas deal with medical tasks for which they are not and cannot be adequately trained.
Human spaceflight requires the development and use of myriad portable and minitiarized measurement devices and sensors both for basic research purposes as well as for monitoring the health of the crew. Many of these devices find their use in diverse terrestrial medical situations on the ground, be they in homecare, emergencies, battlefields, or transport, to mention but a few scenarios.
Last update: 31 July 2008