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The 2000s
 
 
2001
 
Dennis Tito, first space tourist, and the privatization of INTELSAT (18 July) and EUTELSAT (July)

Documents

President Clinton’s statement on Signing the Open-market Reorganization for the Betterment of International Telecommunications Act (17 March 2000)

Articles

D. ASHFORD, P. COLLINS
“Your Spaceflight Manual - How You Could be a Tourist in Space Within Twenty Years”
Simon Schuster, 1990.

K. D. KATKIN
“Communications Breakdown?: The Future of Global Connectivity After the Privatization of INTELSAT”
Bepress Legal Series, Working Paper 508, 12 March 2005.

Useful links

BBC ON THIS DAY: 28 April 2001

Intelsat website

Eutelsat website

Eutelsat IGO website  
 
2003
 

 
Yang Liwei, first Chinese man into space (15 October)

Books

B. HARVEY
“China's Space Program - From Conception to Manned Spaceflight” Springer Praxis, 2004.

R. HANDBERG, Z. LI
“Chinese space policy”
Routledge, 2006.

E. SEEDHOUSE
“The New Space Race: China vs. USA”
Springer Praxis, 2009.

Articles

“China's launch of manned spacecraft welcomed in Japan”
Japan Economic Newswire, 15 October 2003.

Useful links

BBC ON THIS DAY: 15 October 2003

China National Space Administration website
 
 
2004
 

 
The EU/ESA Framework Agreement,(entered into force in May), the first Space Council meeting (25 November) and the first non-government-funded manned spaceship that flies over 100 km above the Earth (21 June)

Documents

“European Space Policy” (2003)
European Commission Green Paper
/COM/2003/0017 final/

“Space: a new European frontier for an expanding Union – An action plan for implementing the European Space Policy (2003)"
European Commission White Paper
/COM/2003/0673 final/

European Science Foundation statement on the Green Paper on European Space Policy (2003)

Framework Agreement between the European Community and the European Space Agency

Articles

F. von der DUNK
“Towards one captain on the European spaceship - why the EU should join ESA”
Space Policy, Volume 19, Issue 2, May 2003, pp. 83-86.

J. M. FARAMIÑÀN GILBERT, C. MUÑOZ RODRIGUEZ
“European Space Policy: a common future for ESA and EU”
In Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law at the International Astronautical Federation, Vancouver, Canada, 2004, pp.166-170.

T. HOERBER
“ESA+EU: Ideology or pragmatic task sharing?”
Space Policy, Volume 25, Issue 4, November 2009, pp. 206-208.

S. HOBE
“Prospect for a European space administration”
Space Policy, Volume 20, Issue 1, February 2004, pp. 25-29.

K. KUNZMANN, P. REUTER
“Crafting a legal framework for a coherent future structure for European Space Activities”
Space Policy, Volume 20, Issue 1, February 2004, pp. 59-61.

K. MADDERS, J. WOUTERS
“Taking stock of Europe’s developing space policy: from the European space policy workshops to the European space policy forum”
Space Policy, Volume 20, Issue 1, February 2004, pp. 31-36.

S. MARCHISIO “L’Europa e la politica spaziale”
Affari Esteri, 2003, pp. 641–650.

L. J. SMITH, K.-U. HÖRL
“Institutional challenges for space activities in Europe”
Space Policy, Volume 60, Issue 3, February 2007, pp. 210-220.

Useful links

BBC News on the SpaceShipOne’s first flight

BBC News on the SpaceShipOne’s victoty of the Ansari X PRIZE

ESA website on the Space Council Meeting

European Commission website on the Space Council

X PRIZE Foundation Space Initiative website on the Ansari X PRIZE
 
 
2005
 
The landing of the Huygens probe on Saturn’s moon Titan (14 January), the signing of the APSCO Convention (28 October) and the launch of the first prototype of Europe’s GALILEO satellite navigation system (28 December)

Documents

Communication from the Commission – Galileo – Involving Europe in a new generation of satellite navigation services (1999)
/COM/99/0054 final/

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council – State of Progress of the Galileo programme (2002)
/COM/2002/0518 final*/

Articles

N. PETER
“The changing geopolitics of space activities”
Space Policy, Volume 22, Issue 2, May 2006, pp. 100-109.

Useful links

APSCO website

ASI website on Cassini-Huygens mission

ESA Cassini-Huygens website

ESA EGNOS website

ESA GALILEO website

European Commission website on satellite navigation

NASA JPL on Cassini orbiter
 
 
2006
 
Turkey becomes the ninth Signatory State of APSCO’s Convention (1st June)

Articles

T. OZALP
“Space as a strategic vision for Turkey and its people”
Space Policy, Volume 25, Issue 4, November 2009, pp. 224-235.
 
 
2007
 

 
China intentionally destroys one of its own satellites in an anti-satellite missile test (11 January), it launches the first prototype of its COMPASS satellite navigation system (14 April) and its first lunar mission (24 October) and Mars500 Project begins (november)

P. BESHA
“Policy making in China’s space program: A history and analysis of the Chang’e lunar orbiter project”
Space Policy, Volume 26, Issue 4, November 2010, pp. 214-221.

N. L. JOHNSON, E. STANSBERY, J.-C. LIOU, M. HORSTMAN, C. STOKELY, D. WHITLOCK

“The characteristics and consequences of the break-up of the Fengyun-1C spacecraft”
Acta Astronautica, Volume 63, Issues 1-4, July-August 2008, pp. 128-135.

Useful links

CNSA website on COMPASS

ESA Mars500 website

ESA website on the collaboration with the Chinese on the Chang’e-1 mission
 
 
2008
 
The launch of India’s first mission to the Moon (22 October)

Articles

A. LELE
“An Asian Moon Race?”
Space Policy, Volume 26, Issue 4, November 2010, pp. 222-228.

Useful links

BBC News on India’s first lunar mission

Indian Space Research Organization website
 
 
2009
 
The President Obama’s space program, the launch of the first Iranian satellite (3 February) and the entering into force of the Lisbon Treaty with the new EU competence on space (1 December)

Documents

Lisbon Treaty
Lisbon Treaty

“Seeking a Human Spaceflight Programme Worthy of a Great Nation”
Final Report (“Augustine Report”) of the U.S. Human Spaceflight Plans Committee (1 June 2009)

“Space: a new European frontier for an expanding Union: An action plan for implementing the European Space policy”
Commission of the European Communities White Paper (2003)

Books

L. NARDON
“UE/Espace. Une puissance spatiale de plus en plus compétente”
Rapport annuel de l’Institut français des relations internationales
RAMSES, Paris, IFRI, September 2010.

Articles

S. MARCHISIO
“Le clausole relative allo spazio nel Trattato sul funzionamento dell’Unione europea”
In “Studi in onore di Umberto Leanza”, Napoli, 2008, pp.1157-1174.

N. PETER

“The EU’s emergent space diplomacy”
Space Policy, Volume 23, Issue 2, May 2007, pp. 97-107.

P. TARIKHI
“Iran's space programme: Riding high for peace and pride”
Space Policy, Volume 25, Issue 3, August 2009, pp. 160-163.

H. WALLACE
“Building a European space policy”
Space Policy, Volume 4, Issue 2, May 1988, pp. 115-120.

Useful links

BBC on the Iranian satellite

EU website on the Lisbon Treaty

Iranian Space Agency website

Lisbon Treaty website
 
 
Last update: 3 February 2011

 


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