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Delimitation of Outer Spaceprinter friendly page
Delimitation of Outer Space
 
UNCOPUOS questions on the definition and delimitation of outer space
Other documents
Workshops and conferences
Books
Articles
Useful links
 

 
UNCOPUOS questions on the definition and delimitation of outer space

Questions on the definition and delimitation of outer space addressed by the related UNCOPUOS working group to Member States in 2006.

Replies from Member States:

The Netherlands (2010)
UN A/AC.105/C.2/2010/CRP.10

Czech Republic, Estonia, & United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (2010)
UN A/AC.105/889/Addendum 6

Bangladesh, Germany, Iraq, Serbia, Thailand & Tunisia (2010)
UN A/AC.105/889/Addendum 5

Azerbaijan, Mexico, Qatar, & Saudi Arabia (2009)
UN A/AC.105/889/Addendum 4

Belarus, Germany & Mexico (2009)
UN A/AC.105/889/Addendum 3

Azerbaijan & Brazil (2009)
UN A/AC.105/889/Addendum 2

Belarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Jordan, Nicaragua & Ukraine (2008)
UN A/AC.105/889/Addendum 1

Czech Republic, Iceland, Nigeria & Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) (2007)
UN A/AC.105/889  
 

 
Other documents

UNCOPUOS Draft report of the Chair of the Working Group on the Definition and Delimitation of Outer Space (2011)
UN A/AC.105/C.2/2011/DEF/L.1

Historical summary on the consideration of the question on the definition and delimitation of outer space (2002)
UN A/AC. 105/769

Statement by the Delegation of the United States regarding UNCOPUOS Agenda Item 6:
Definition and Delimitation of Outer Space and the Character and Utilization of the Geostationary Orbit, 40th session of the UNCOPUOS Legal Subcommittee (2001)

Comprehensive analysis of the replies to the questionnaire on possible legal issues with regard to aerospace objects (1997)
UN A/AC. 105/C.2/L.204

Russian Federation working paper (1992)
UN A/AC. 105/C.2/L.189

USSR working paper (1987)
UN A/AC. 105/ L.168

USSR working paper (1983)
UN A/AC.105/C.2/L.139

URSS proposal (1979)
UN A/AC.105/L.112

Update of the background paper of 1970 (1977)
UN A/AC. 105/C.2/7/Add.1

Bogotá Declaration (1976)

Proposal made by Italy (1975)
Eighteenth Session of the UNCOPUOS

Proposal made by Argentina and France (1971)
UN A/AC.105/C.2/L.80

Background paper on the definition and delimitation of outer space (1970)
UN A/AC. 105/C.2/7

Proposal made by Belgium (1969)
UN A/AC.105/C.2/L.56

Proposal made by France (1969)
UN A/AC.105/C.2/L.64

UNCOPUOS Scientific and Technical Subcommittee Report on the Legal Subcommittee questionnaire on the issue of the definition and delimitation of outer space (1968)
UN A/AC.105/39

Proposals made by France and Italy at the Sixth Session of the UNCOPUOS Legal Subcommittee (1967)
UN A/AC.105/37, Annex III
 
 

 
Workshops and conferences

IISL/ECSL Symposium: “A fresh look on the delimitation of airspace and outer space”
50th Session of the UNCOPUOS Legal Subcommittee, Vienna, Austria, 28 March 2011.

Presentations
 
 

 
Books

A. M. DAUSES
“Die Grenze des Staatsgebietes im Raum”
Duncker & Humblot, 1973.

R. F. A. GOEDHART
“The Never Ending Dispute: Delimitation of Air Space and Outer Space”
Editions Frontieres, Gif-Sur-Yvette, France, Vol. 4, 1996.

D. R. TERRIL Jr.
“Air Force Role in Developing International Outer Space Law”
Air University Press, 1999.

I. A. VLASIC (ed.)
“Explorations in Aerospace Law: Selected Essays by John Cobb Cooper, 1946-1966”
McGill University Press, Montreal, 1968.
 
 

 
Articles

M. BENKÖ, W. de GRAAFF
“Questions Relating to the Definition/Delimitation of Outer Space and the Character and Utilization of the Geostationary Orbit”
In M. BENKÖ, W. de GRAAFF, G. C. M. REIJNEN, “Space Law in the United Nations”, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht, 1985 (also published in “Proceedings of the ECSL Summer Course on Space Law and Policy: Basic Materials”, ECSL/Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993).

B. CHENG
“The Legal Regime of Airspace and Outer Space: The Boundary Problem. Functionalism versus Spatialism: The Major Premises”
Annals of Air and Space law, Vol. V, 1980, p. 323.

J. C. COOPER
“State Sovereignty in Space: Developments 1910 to 1914”
In I. A. VLASIC (ed.), “Explorations in Aerospace Law: Selected Essays by John Cobb Cooper, 1946-1966”, McGill University Press, Montreal, 1968, p. 125.

J. C. COOPER
The Boundary between Territorial Airspace and International Outer Space “
In I. A. VLASIC (ed.), “Explorations in Aerospace Law: Selected Essays by John Cobb Cooper, 1946-1966”, McGill University Press, Montreal, 1968, p. 298.

J. C. COOPER
“Legal Problems of Spacecraft in Airspace”
In I. A. VLASIC (ed.), “Explorations in Aerospace Law: Selected Essays by John Cobb Cooper, 1946-1966”, McGill University Press, Montreal, 1968, p. 305.

M. S. DODGE
“Sovereignty and the Delimitation of Airspace: A Philosophical and Historical Survey Supported by the Resources of the Andrew G. Hailey Archive”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 35, N. 1, 2009, pp. 5-35.

F. von der DUNK
“The Sky Is the Limit: But Where Does It End?”
In “Proceedings of the Forty-Eighth Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 2005”, pp. 84-94.

F. von der DUNK
“The Delimitation of Outer Space Revisited: The Role of National Space Laws in the Delimitation Issue”
In “Proceedings of the Forty-First Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 1998”, pp. 254-64

J. M. de FARAMIÑÀN GILBERT
“La delimitación del espacio ultraterrestre: Una laguna jurídica”
In “Pacis Artes: Obra Homenaje al prof. Julio D. González Campos” Eurolex y Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid 2005, Tomo I, pp.211-227.

R. H. FARRIS
“The Problem of Delimitation in Space Law”
Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Notre Dame, 1974 (on file as archival material).

D. GOEDHUIS
“Some Observations on the Problems of the Definition and/or the Delimitation of Outer Space”
Annals of Air and Space Law, Vol. II, 1977, p. 287.

T. W. GOODMAN
“To the End of the Earth: A Study of the Boundary between Earth and Space”
Journal of space Law, Vol. 36, 2010, N. 1.

K. M. GOROVE
“Delimitation of Outer Space and the Aerospace Object: Where is the Law?”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 28, 2000, p. 11.

S. GOROVE
“An International Space Flight Organization Envisaged by the U.S. to Become Conceivable Operational Around 2005 May Put to Rest Much of the Long-Standing and Vexatious Issues of Delimitation of Airspace and Outer Space”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 28, 2000, p. 53.

A. HARRIS, R. HARRIS
“The Need for Air Space and Outer Space Demarcation”
Space Policy, Vol. 22, Issue 1, 2006, pp, 2-7.

Q. HE
“The Problem of Definition and Delimitation of Outer Space”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 10, 1982, p. 157.

M. Van der HEIJDEN
“Ceiling of Sovereignty: Matters Relating to the Definition and/or Delimitation of Outer Space and Outer Space Activities, Bearing in Mind, Inter Alia, Questions Relating to the Geostationary Orbit”
National and International Boundaries, Vol. 14, 1985, pp. 783-791.

V. KAYSER
“Aux confins de l’air et de l’espace, d’Accursius à l’avion spatial”
Annales de droit aérien et spatial, Vol. XIX, 1994, pp. 465-500.

Y. KOLOSSOV, D. V. GONCHAR
“Delimitation of Airspace and Outer Space: A Legal View”
Revista Brasileira de Direito Aeronáutico e Espacial, N. 89, 2006.

V. KOPAL
“The Question of Defining Outer Space”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 8, N. 2.

G. LAFFERRANDERIE
“Towards an Integrated Airspace Law? – Reflections on the Definition and Delimitation of Outer Space”
In S. ULRICH, G. SCHNEDL, R. PIRSTNER-EBNER (eds.), “Funktionen des Rechts in der pluralistischen Wissensgesellschaft : Festschrift für Christian Brunner zum 65. Geburtstag”, Böhlau, 2007.

S. MISHRA, T. PAVLASEK
“On the Lack of Physical Bases for Defining a Boundary between Air Space and Outer Space”
Annals of Air and Space Law, Vol. VII, 1982, p. 339.

G. ODUNTAN
“The Never Ending Dispute: Legal Theories on the Spatial Demarcation Boundary Plane Between Airspace and Outer Space”
Hertfordshire Law Journal, Vol. 1, Issue 2, 2003, pp. 64-84.

L. PEREK
“Scientific Criteria for the Delimitation of Outer Space”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 5, 1977, p. 111.

J. E. REIFARTH
“Interrelation between German Air Law and Space Law Regarding the Passage of Spacecraft through National Air Space”
In “Proceedings of the Twenty-Sixth Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 1985”.

REINHARDT
“The Vertical Limit of State Sovereignty”
Journal of Air Law and Commerce, Vol. 72, Issue 1, 2007, pp. 65-137.

S. B. ROSENFIELD
“Where Air Space Ends and Outer Space Begins”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 7, N. 2, 1979.

A. D. TEREKHOV
“Passage of Space Objects through Foreign Airspace”
In “Proceedings of the Thirty-First Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 1988”.

M. WILLIAMS
“Observando la Tierra desde el Espacio a la Luz del Principio de Soberanía” - “Observing the Earth from Space in Light of the Principle of Sovereignty”
Revista Brasileira de Direito Aeronáutico e Espacial, N. 82, 2001.

G. P. ZHUKOV
“Delimitation of Outer Space”
In “Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 1980”, p. 221.
 
 

 
Useful links


UNOOSA website on definition & delimitation of outer space
 
 
Last update: 27 June 2011

 


 
 
 
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