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Human Spaceflight
 
Documents
Workshops and conferences
Books
Articles
Other useful readings
Useful links
 

 
Documents

Statement by the U.S. President Barak Obama on the New National Space Policy (2010)

US International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) (2010)

Final Report (“Augustine Report”) of the U.S. Human Spaceflight Plans Committee: “Seeking a Human Spaceflight Programme Worthy of a Great Nation” (2009)

NASA Human-Rating Requirements for Space Systems (2008, w/change 1 dated 12/7/2009)
NPR 8705.2B

NASA Human-Rating Requirements for Space Systems (2005, cancelled in 2008)
NPR 8705.2A

U.S. President Bush Announces New Vision for Space Exploration Program - Fact Sheet: “A Renewed Spirit of Discovery” (2004)

Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act of 2004 (United States)US Public Law 108–492 (see US Code, Title 49, Subtitle IX)

Resolution on the Build-up of a Single European Astronaut Corps (1998) (available in G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.)

Protocol of Discussion between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of the United States of America and the Russian Space Agency of the Russian Federation (1993)

Implementing Agreement between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of the United States of America and the Russian Space Agency of the Russian Federation on Human Space Flight (1992, entered into force in 1993)

ESA Council Resolution on the European Astronauts Policy (1989)
ECSL Newsletter, N. 3, 1990, p. 3.

ESA Declaration of Acceptance of the Astronauts Agreement, the Liability Convention and the Registration Convention (adopted by the ESA Council on 12 December 1978, deposited on 2 January 1979)

Déclaration relative à l’accord sur le sauvetage des astronautes et la restitution des objets lancés dans l’espace extra atmosphérique adoptée le 25 juin 1975 par l’Agence Spatiale Européenne (available in G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.)

Arrangement between Certain Member States of the European Space Research Organization Concerning the Execution of the Spacelab Programme (1973)

Memorandum of Understanding between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the European Space Research Organization for a Cooperative Programme Concerning Development, Procurement and Use of a Space Laboratory in Conjunction with the Space Shuttle System (1973)

Astronauts and Rescue Agreement (1968)
UNGA RES 2345 (XXII)

Outer Space Treaty (1967)
UNGA RES 2222 (XXI)  
 

 
Workshops and conferences

ESA/ECSL Practitioners’ Forum 2011: “Manned Spaceflight Safety Issues: Legal and Policy Aspects”
ESA HQ, Paris, France, 18 March 2011

Second International Conference on Space Exploration at Ministerial Level
Brussels, Belgium, 21 October 2010

Report of the results of the Technical Steering Group for the preparation of the Second International Conference on Space Exploration at Ministerial Level

IIASL Symposium: “The Regulation of Suborbital Flights in the European Contest”
Leiden, The Netherlands, 16 September 2010

Report

First EU-ESA Human Space Exploration Conference
Prague, Czech Republic, 23 October 2009

ECSL NPOC Austria Symposium: “Spaceflight and Law: Rules between Heaven and Earth”
Graz, Austria, November 2005

ECSL/ESA/IDEST/UNESCO Symposium:“Legal and Ethical Framework for Astronauts in Space Sojourns”
House of UNESCO, Paris, 29 October 2004.
 
 

 
Books

M. N. ANDEM “The 1968 Rescue Agreement and the Commercialisation of Outer Space Activities During the 21st Century: Some Reflections: Proceedings Forty-First Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space” Melbourne, 1998.

R. BENDER
“Space Transportation Liability: National and International Aspects”
Kluwer Law International, 1997.

K.-H. BÖCKSTIEGEL (ed.)
“Manned Space Flight: Legal Aspects in the Light of Scientific and Technical Development: Proceedings of an International Colloquium, Cologne, Germany, May 20-22, 1992”
Studies in Air and Space Law, Carl Heymanns Verlag, 1993.

CASTELLANI, A. SCANO, G. SGROSSO CATALANO
“Il volo spaziale: Aspetti tecnologici, umani e giuridici”
LoGisma, Vicchio, Firenze, 2005.

G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.)
“The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”
ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

A. LUKASZCZYK, N. PETER, L. CODIGNOLA-BO, K.-U. SCHROGL
“Humans in Outer Space: Interdisciplinary Odysseys”
Springer, 2008.

J. N. PELTON, R. M. JAKHU
“Space Safety Regulations and Standards”
Elsevier, 2010.
 
 

 
Articles

P. ACHILLEAS
“Public-Private Partnership: What Future Role?”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

P. ACHILLEAS
“L’astronaute et le droit international”
In A. KERREST (ed.), “L'adaption du droit de l'espace à ses nouveaux défis : Liber amicorum: Mélanges en l'honneur de Simone Courteix”, Pedone, 2007.

S. AOKI
“Commentary on “1968 Rescue Agreement: An Overview””
In “Proceedings of the United Nations/Republic of Korea Workshop on Space Law: United Nations Treaties on Outer Space: Actions at the National Level, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 3-6 November 2003”, United Nations, 2004, p. 407.

J. ARNOULD
“Does the Concept of “Envoys of Mankind” Have a Future?”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

J. ARNOULD
“De l’exploration à la colonisation: quelques réflexions sur la conquête de l’espace par l’homme”
In “Legal and Ethical Framework for Astronauts in Space Sojourns. Proceedings of the ECSL/ESA/IDEST/UNESCO Symposium, House of UNESCO, Paris, 29 October 2004”, p. 44.

R. C. BECKMAN
“1968 Rescue Agreement: An Overview”
In “Proceedings of the United Nations/Republic of Korea Workshop on Space Law: United Nations Treaties on Outer Space: Actions at the National Level, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 3-6 November 2003”, United Nations, 2004, p. 370.

M. G. BOURÉLY
“The Spacelab Program and Related Legal Issues”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 11, 1983, p. 27.

G. CATALANO SGROSSO
“Legal Aspects of the Astronaut in Extravehicular Activity and the “Space Tourist””
In “Legal and Ethical Framework for Astronauts in Space Sojourns. Proceedings of the ECSL/ESA/IDEST/UNESCO Symposium, House of UNESCO, Paris, 29 October 2004”, p. 57.

F. von der DUNK
“A Sleeping Beauty Awakens: The 1968 Rescue Agreement after Forty Years”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 34, 2008, pp. 411-34.

J. M. de FARAMIÑÀN GILBERT
“The Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space: Some Legal Questions”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

J. M. de FARAMIÑÀN GILBERT, M. d. C. MUNOZ RODRÍGUEZ
“La vie dans l’espace extra atmosphérique: L’expérience des astronautes: Aspects juridiques”
In “Legal and Ethical Framework for Astronauts in Space Sojourns: Proceedings of the ECSL/ESA/IDEST/UNESCO Symposium, House of UNESCO, Paris, 29 October 2004”, p. 49.

E. FASAN
“Human Settlements on Planets, New Stations of New Nations”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 22, 1994, p. 47.

P. P. C. HAANAPPEL
“Law and Aerospace Health Problems”
Annals of Air and Space Law, Vol. XXVII, 2002.

J. HERMIDA
“A Legal and Criminological Approach to Criminal Acts in Outer Space”
Annals of Air and Space Law, Vol. XXXI, 2006.

S. HOBE
“Space Tourism as a Challenge to the Astronaut Concept”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

J. HOFFMAN, J. N. PELTON
“Regulatory Procedures and Standards for Launch Range Safety for Manned and Unmanned Launches”
In J. N. PELTON, R. M. JAKHU, “Space Safety Regulations and Standards”, Elsevier, 2010, Chapter 9, pp. 109-122.

T. HUGHES, E. ROSENBERG
“Space Travel Law (and Politics): The Evolution of the Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 31, 2005, pp. 1-53.

V. IAVICOLI
“Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts, and the Return of Objects into Outer Space”
In “Proceedings of the ECSL Summer Course on Space Law and Policy, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2009”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2009.

G. LAFFERRANDERIE
“Introduction: The Astronaut, the New Hero in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space and Celestial Bodies”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

A. LEPAGE
“Droit des personnes et astronautes: intégrité physique et intégrité morale”
In “Legal and Ethical Framework for Astronauts in Space Sojourn: Proceedings of the ECSL/ESA/IDEST/UNESCO Symposium, House of UNESCO, Paris, 29 October 2004”, p. 36.

X. LIU
“The Development of Laws and Regulations Related to the Space Activities in China”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

F. LYALL
“Long-Term Expeditions and Extra-Terrestrial Bases: The Protection of Astronauts as a Matter of Law”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

R. LÜST
“The Setting Up of the European Astronaut Centre”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

M. K. MACAULEY
“Flying in the Face of Uncertainty: Human Risk in Space Activities”
Chicago Journal of International Law, Vol. 6, 2005, p. 131.

V. S. MANI
“The Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of the Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched in Outer Space, 1968”
In “Proceedings of the United Nations/Republic of Korea Workshop on Space Law: United Nations Treaties on Outer Space: Actions at the National Level, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 3-6 November 2003”, United Nations, 2004, p. 224.

S. MARCHISIO
“Reviewing the Astronauts Agreement: The Role of COPUOS”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

P. MARKS
“Spaceflight into a Legal Black Hole”
The New Scientist, Vol. 200, Issue 2680, 2008, pp. 24-25.

T. MASSON-ZWAAN, S. FREELAND
“Between Heaven and Earth: The Legal Challenges of Human Space Travel”
Acta Astronautica, Vol. 66, Issues 11-12, 2010, pp. 1597-1607.

J.-F. MAYENCE
“Theoretical Considerations Regarding the Implementation by States and International Organizations of the 1968 Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

P. REDFIELD
“On the Values Frontier: Ethics and Criminal Conduct in Outer Space”
In “Legal and Ethical Framework for Astronauts in Space Sojourns: Proceedings of the ECSL/ESA/IDEST/UNESCO Symposium, House of UNESCO, Paris, 29 October 2004”, p. 79.

G. S. ROBINSON, C. E. SMITH
“Quantum Physics and the Biology of Space Law: The Interstitial Glue of Global Support for Space Migration and a Proposed Commercial Management Infrastructure”
Annals of Air and Space Law, Vol. XXXV, 2010.

G. S. ROBINSON
“The Present and Future of Humankind in Space: No Longer a Sanctuary of Transcendent Principles?”
Annals of Air and Space Law, Vol. XXVII, 2002.

K.-U. SCHROGL, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD
“Human Spaceflight Under a Future “Space Traffic Management” Regime”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

C. H. SHIVERS
“NASA Space Safety Standards and Procedures for Human-Rating Requirements”
In J. N. PELTON, R. M. JAKHU, “Space Safety Regulations and Standards”
Elsevier, 2010, Chapter 1, pp. 3-15.

E. J. STEPTOE
“Astronaut Rescue and Return in a Era of Planetary Exploration: “Envoys of Mankind”, “Space Flight Participants” and Celestial Settlers”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

M. TOGNINI
“Astronaut’s Activities at ESA”
In G. LAFFERRANDERIE, S. MARCHISIO (eds.), “The Astronauts and Rescue Agreement: Lessons Learned”, ESA/ECSL Publications, 2011.

J. TORT
“Astronauts in Space Sojourns: Liability and Insurance Issues: Ethical Considerations”
In “Legal and Ethical Framework for Astronauts in Space Sojourns: Proceedings of the ECSL/ESA/IDEST/UNESCO Symposium, House of UNESCO, Paris, 29 October 2004”, p. 87.

K. M. WEIDAW
“A General Convention on Space Law: Legal Issues Encountered in Establishing Lunar and Martian Basis”
In “Proceedings of the Forty-Seventh Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 2004”, Vol. 47, pp. 272-283.

K. WILLOCK
“Human Colonization/Exploration Beyond Low-Earth Orbit: Reconsidering the Existing Law in Light of Safety Imperatives”
In “Proceedings of the Forty-Eighth Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 2005”, Vol. 48, pp. 121-130.

C. ZANGHI
“L’accord sur le sauvetage des astronautes, le retour des astronautes et la restitution des objets lancés dans l’espace”
In “Proceedings of the ECSL Summer Course on Space Law and Policy: Basic Materials”, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1994.
 
 

 
Other useful readings

S. J. DICK, R. D. LAUNIUS (eds.)
“The Societal Impact of Spaceflight”
NASA History Division, Washington, 2007 (NASA SP-2007-4801).

M. J. FOGG
“The Ethical Dimensions of Space Settlements”
Space Policy, Vol. 16, Issue 3, 2000, pp. 205-211.

LOGSDON
“A New US Approach to Human Spaceflight?”
Space Policy, Vol. 27, Issue 1, 2011, pp. 15-19.

G. E. MUSGRAVE, A. LARSEN, T. SGOBBA
“Safety Design for Space Systems”
Elsevier, 2009.

S. PACE, G. REIBALDI
“Future Human Spaceflights: The Need for International Cooperation”
International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), 2010.
 
 

 
Useful links

ESA Human Spaceflight and Exploration website

ESA Human Spaceflight Research website

NASA Spaceflight.com

NASA Space Flight Awareness (SFA) Program

NASA Space Shuttle website

Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX)

Space Frontier Foundation
 
 
Last update: 27 June 2011

 


 
 
 
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