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Radar technology
A satellite passes over an area and records data about it. Two or more passes are needed to create the InSAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry) images, used to examine changes in ground height.

Credits: U.S. Geological Survey
Colour radar images
Colour radar images can be produced by combining three single images from different dates (e.g.35 days apart) to produce a multi-temporal composite. Each individual date/image is displayed in one of the three colours used to form any colour picture, ie red, green and blue. The different amounts of colour from each date combine to produce other colours that can be interpreted by experienced image processors.

Credits: ESA
What a radar 'sees' is different to what our eyes observe
What a radar 'sees' is different to what our eyes observe. Imagine that you are at the beach and you look out towards the water. The water may be smooth or there may be waves, depending on the wind's speed. However, for the sensor, the rougher the water surface, the greater the reflection of the microwave energy that will be recorded, and therefore the brighter (whiter) the water will appear in the image.

Credits: ESA
Color composition of the city of Bucharest
 HI-RES JPEG (Size: 1366 kb)
This image shows a color composition of the city of Bucharest, Romania, as seen from the spaceborne radar onboard the ERS-1 satellite.

Credits: ESA
ERS Radar multitemporal image of Porto Velho (Brasil)
 HI-RES JPEG (Size: 309 kb)
ERS Radar multitemporal image of Porto Velho (Brasil). Human-made deforestation is seen as coloured rectangular areas. The city of Porto Velho (Brazil) is depicted in white.

Credits: ESA 1998
Radar satellite image of a cultivated area in The Netherlands
Radar satellite image of a cultivated area in The Netherlands, where a network of roads is clearly visible as dark linear features.

Credits: ESA
  Applications of radar images

Remote sensing in depth
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