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Coastal changeDanube Delta change detectionOil spills
DeforestationBardia National ParkCongo River BasinKameng-Sonitpur Elephant ReserveKilimanjaroRondoniaShillong and Guwahati
IceAntarctica 2003Climate change and glaciersGlacial retreat in the AlpsGlacier Ice FlowMonitoring of glaciers in the HimalayasRemote sensing of ice and snow
UrbanisationCairoCity of KathmanduCórdobaHimalayasKathmandu ValleyLagos
VegetationAnnapurna Conservation AreaLost in the AndesNgorongoro Conservation AreaNiger Inland DeltaVegetation in South America
| ||SPOT VEGETATION imagery|
The SPOT VEGETATION Programme consists of two observation instruments in orbit, VEG 1 and VEG 2, as well as ground infrastructures. The first of the two instruments in orbit is aboard the SPOT 4 satellite, launched in 1998. The second is aboard SPOT 5, placed in orbit in 2002.
The overall objective of the VEGETATION system is to provide accurate measurements of the basic characteristics of vegetation canopies on an operational basis,
- either for scientific studies involving both regional and global scale experiments over long periods of time (e.g. development of models of the biosphere dynamics interacting with climate models),
- or for systems designed to monitor important vegetation resources, such as crops, pastures and forests.
|Spectral bands||Wavelength||Surface reflectance range|
|Blue||0.43 - 0.47 µm||0.0 - 0.5|
|Red||0.61 - 0.68 µm||0.0 - 0.5|
|NIR||0.78 - 0.89 µm||0.0 - 0.7|
|SWIR||1.58 - 1.75 µm||0.0 - 0.6|
The VEGETATION product used here is the VGT-S product, which takes into account some synthesis capability between successive orbits, either on the same day or on different days. Data is processed to extract the best possible measurement for a given period following carefully chosen criteria.
Two types of standard products were defined:
1. a daily synthesis (VGT-DS), with ground reflectance and NDVI computed from the ground reflectances
2. a 10 day period synthesis (VGT-PS) of NDVI maximum values.
Both standard products are global onland processes that provide a standard, geometric sampling preserving the 1km raw data resolution.
Syntheses were done through selection of the best measurement acquired during one day or a 10-day period: the composite is made using the maximum NDVI values, index that was calculated using top of the atmosphere reflectances.
A window over the South American continent was defined from the global product (see figure below).
Vegetation in South America
BackgroundVegetation in South AmericaMain EcosystemsVegetation IndicesThe MERIS sensor and the Globcover Project
ExercisesExercise 1: NDVI - Vegetation from spaceExercise 2 : NDVI AnimationExercise 3: NDVI dynamics by biogeographical zones