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African climate
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SPOT-4 vegetation image of Africa
SPOT-4 vegetation image of Africa
African climate
The climate and weather in Africa vary enormously across the continent. These differences depend on latitude, terrain altitude, vicinity to the ocean, vegetation cover and human-geographical factors.

Tropical, subtropical and temperate zones follow each other in sequence north and south of the equator.

Many types of vegetation cover can be found within the climate zones. They vary from rain forests to savannas and deserts.

Africa's climate is determined by the predominant weather types of the different geographical regions.

The weather plays an important role in the daily life of African people. It affects not only the agriculture and the availability of fresh water, but also natural hazards like wildfires and floods.  

This case study includes:

  • a background section
  • a worksheet introduction
  • exercises

  • You can access them by clicking on the links on the right.


    African climate
    IntroductionManual exercisesExercises using LEOWorks
    Meteosat imagesActual weather
    animation using
    Weather broadcast worldwideClimate systemSeasonal change of the NDVI
    Eduspace - Software
    LEOWorks 3
    Eduspace - Download
    Africa - Meteosat visible channelAfrica - Meteosat thermal infrared channelAfrica - Meteosat water vapour channel
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