Crater in Mamers Valles
Science & Exploration

Crater in martian valley Mamers Valles

16/05/2008 1307 views 2 likes
ESA / Science & Exploration / Space Science / Mars Express

The High-Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) onboard the ESA spacecraft Mars Express obtained images of a region at the end of Mamers Valles, a long, winding valley. The focus is on a circular depression that contains a crater.

Mamers Valles context map
Mamers Valles context map

 

The data was obtained on 5 August 2006 with a ground resolution of approximately 14 m/pixel. The images are centred at approximately 39° north and 17° east on the planet.

Mamers Valles perspective view
Mamers Valles perspective view

 

The circular depression seen in the images is approximately 30 km wide and 1400 m deep. It lies at the south-eastern end of Mamers Valles.

Mamers Valles perspective view
Mamers Valles perspective view

 

The valley of Mamers Valles is approximately 1000 km long, running along the boundary between the northern lowlands and southern highlands in the region of Deuteronilus Mensae.

Mamers Valles nadir view
Mamers Valles nadir view

 

Scientists term a region such as Mamers Valles ‘fretted terrain’ because it shows numerous deep and wide labyrinth-like valleys and circular depressions. The depressions often show structures formed by liquid flowing on the floor.

Mamers Valles colour-coded elevation model
Mamers Valles colour-coded elevation model

 

The structures formed by the flows are thought to be ice-rich debris flows. They show some resemblance to block glaciers seen on Earth

Mamers Valles, annotated nadir view
Mamers Valles, annotated nadir view

 

The patches of rock at the centre of the depression are thought to be remnants of rock that were detached from the flanks of the depression and transported to the centre.

Mamers Valles in 3D
Mamers Valles in 3D

 

The wrinkle ridges, as the name indicates, are formed by compressive forces acting on the surface. The dark coloured material inside the crater could have formed in-situ or may have been transported by the wind.

 

The colour scenes have been derived from the three HRSC-colour channels and the nadir channel. The perspective views have been calculated from the Digital Terrain Model derived from the stereo channels.

The anaglyph image was calculated from the nadir and one stereo channel; stereoscopic glasses are required to view it. The black-and-white high-resolution images were derived form the nadir channel, which provides the highest level of detail.

For more information on Mars Express HRSC images, please read our updated FAQ (frequently asked questions).

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