Under the harsh invisible hand of evolution, natural organisms have evolved for millions of years, in a continuous struggle for survival, and represent optimal responses to their environment. The biomimetic approach aims at inspiring developers for new and improved technical design.
Light absorption enhancement with bio-inspired nanostructures01 Mar 2019 Nature has developed several mechanisms to harvest light such as through the nanostructured anti-reflective surfaces of moth-eyes and the light-trapping structures of the diatom frustules. Such structures might inhibit the potential to improve the light absorption in solar cells.
Melanin radiation-protection01 Mar 2018
Melanin radiation-protection01 Mar 2018 Exposure to ionizing radiation is a show-stopper for human space missions. Melanin may provide a way to protect from ionizing radiation.
Pick it with your eyes – an eye tracking experience01 Sep 2015 It would be ideal if the robot could evaluate in real-time the scientific content of a picture, assigning it an index to set its relevance. The goal of this project is instead to label the pictures of the training set not manually but using human gaze data collected through an eye tracker.
Jumping Spider Vision12 Mar 2015
Jumping Spider Vision12 Mar 2015 Jumping spiders are capable of estimating the distance to their prey relying only on the information from one of their main eyes. Can we simulate this behavior to gain insights about this spiders' special abilities?
Biosensors01 May 2014
Biosensors01 May 2014 By using materials that change mechanical and optical properties according to its environment, multi-component sensitive sensors could be obtained with lower energy requirements.
Life in Extreme Environments02 May 2013
Life in Extreme Environments02 May 2013 The stresses imposed on organisms and communities living in extreme environments have led to the emergence of unique adaptation and survival mechanisms, that, if studied can bring valuable new insights to our knowledge of biological processes, and could lead to the refinement of theories and the development of new ideas.
Climbing plants and tactile-based grasping devices01 Feb 2012 Climbing plants are capable to grasp objects by extending themselves and then use the objects as support by coiling around them. The study explores how tendrils can be imitated and what the advantages in imitating them are.
Plants and seed dispersal22 Jul 2011
Plants and seed dispersal22 Jul 2011 Seeds provide the vital genetic link and dispersal agent between successive generations of plants.
Roots - more than the sum of its apexes02 Oct 2009
Roots - more than the sum of its apexes02 Oct 2009 In this project plant roots were ananlysed upon their similarities and dissimilarities to commonly known swarms by modelling root growth and evolving the rule set to determine the most relevant rules.
Neuromorphic computation02 May 2009
Neuromorphic computation02 May 2009 Autonomous landing on unknown extraterrestrial bodies requires fast, noise-resistant motion processing to elicit appropriate steering commands. Results obtained in neurophysiological, behavioural, and biorobotic studies on insect flight control were used to safely land a spacecraft on the Moon in a simulated environment.
Integrated sensing of movement and forces in a technical limb02 Apr 2009 The search for a navigation system that is not requiring a lot of processing power or space and is precise enough to keep track of our rovers.
Cockroach landing02 Jan 2008
Cockroach landing02 Jan 2008 Cockroaches - however capable of flight they are - are largely ground-dwelling insects and one can assume that flight will always be a non-preferred form of locomotion. Specific adaptations are expected to be present, allowing for optimized landing strategies and transitional phases between aerial descent and terrestrial locomotion...
Passive oscillation damping02 Sep 2007
Passive oscillation damping02 Sep 2007 Plant stems have built in oscillation damping or keeping mechanisms resulting from a clever arrangement of the skeletal tissue.
Dry adhesion01 Dec 2006
Dry adhesion01 Dec 2006 Contrary to insects, spiders use a dry adhesive system for attachment to smooth surfaces such as glass of plant leafs. The absence of sticky fluids requires the spiders to employ a different strategy which consists in a fine structural differentiation of the skeleton material into hairs (setae) from which even tinier structures emerge (setules).
Ground Anchoring01 Oct 2006
Ground Anchoring01 Oct 2006 The complexity of plant roots is underestimated at the first glance. A reason might be that due to their very nature they lack general visibility. Another reason might be that the actual processes of root growth happen on a longer time scale and that the actual mechanisms guiding and coordinating root growth only recently ...
Integrated sensoring01 Jul 2005
Integrated sensoring01 Jul 2005 The campaniform sensillum is a displacement sensor found in the external skeleton (cuticle) of insects, lobsters, spiders, etc. It is a hole extending through the cuticle arranged such that its shape changes in response to loads in specific directions. The shape change is rotated through 90° by the suspension of a bell-shaped cap whose deflectio...
Biologically inspired joints01 Jan 2005
Biologically inspired joints01 Jan 2005 In this work a biomimetic approach is used in order to assess the possibility of improving robotic joints for space applications.
Artificial muscles17 May 2004
Artificial muscles17 May 2004 Mimicking muscles electro active polymeres could employ rather simple transmission systems and hence drastically reduce mechanical complexity.
Bionics and Space System Design01 May 2004
Bionics and Space System Design01 May 2004 The overall objectives of the study consists in the development of a co-operation platform between space and biomimicry experts in order to bridge current gaps that exist for an effective application of natural mechanisms and phenomena in space system design and to foster the development of a new generation of space systems.
Coupled mobility17 Jan 2004
Coupled mobility17 Jan 2004 The application of biomimetic locomotion to the Martian surface offers the possibility of increased robustness and failure tolerance.