Earth System Science
Earth System Science is an interdisciplinary field which treats Earth as an integrated system where physical, chemical, biological, and human interactions determine its past, current, and future states. The space environment offers unique opportunities to improve the current understanding of Earth and its response to anthropogenic and natural changes.
Several topics have been investigated, including space options for tropical cyclone hazard mitigation and laser filamentation for spaceborne atmospheric research. You will find more information in the ongoing and past projects pages below.
Super-resolution image reconstruction for PROBA-V satellite01 Mar 2018 Due to theoretical, practical, and cost constraints, every satellite imaging system produces images with limited spatial resolution. Nevertheless, it is possible to enhance the resolution of the images acquired by means of image post-processing algorithms. The ACT is studying the possibility to apply such techniques to the PROBA-V satellite.
Controlling Harmful Algal Blooms10 Aug 2015
Controlling Harmful Algal Blooms10 Aug 2015 Earth observation offers the potential to detect harmful algal blooms, and monitor their development. This project explores the use of early stage detection of harmful algal blooms from space to assist controlling them.
Climate engineering of Planet Mars22 May 2015
Climate engineering of Planet Mars22 May 2015 In order to increase the habitability of Mars several modifications should be applied to the Martian environment. Warming Mars with artificial greenhouse gases is considered one of the most feasible approaches.
Climate Tipping Points07 Jul 2014
Climate Tipping Points07 Jul 2014 This project aimed at gaining knowledge about the typical statistical behaviour of paleoclimate data series before the occurrence of a tipping point to allow the detection of warning signs for upcoming abrupt climate transitions. Tools developed in the field of machine learning and soft computing were applied to Greenland ice core data to provid...
Visualisation of Mars Express datasets using Immersive Virtual Reality07 Jul 2014 Relative to conventional 2D layout, stereoscopic 3D displays have demonstrated to be more efficient and accurate for various depth-related applications, like judgment of absolute and relative distances, spatial manipulation of objects or remote guidance.
Spaceborne Laser Filamentation01 May 2014
Spaceborne Laser Filamentation01 May 2014 This project studied femtosecond laser filamentation from orbital altitudes. In particular, a theoretical and numerical model of the downward vertical propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses launched from an orbital altitudeof 400km was developed. The project's goal was to gain insights on the impact of initial parameters on the filament...
Tropical cyclone hazard mitigation17 Apr 2013
Tropical cyclone hazard mitigation17 Apr 2013 Tropical cyclones are powerful storm systems that are fueled by the thermal energy stored in warm ocean waters. While considered traditionally as acts of fate and out of reach of human influence, researchers have started considering possible methods to weaken tropical cyclones to mitigate future catastrophic impacts of tropical cyclones on citie...