Claudie Haigneré (formerly André-Deshays)

Claudie Haigneré
Claudie Haigneré

Personal

Born 13 May 1957 in Le Creusot, France. Married with one daughter. Enjoys contemporary art (painting, sculpture), reading, and sports, especially gymnastics and golf.

Education

Graduation from Faculté de Médecine (Paris-Cochin) and Faculté des Sciences (Paris-VII). Rheumatologist. Certificates (Certificats d’Etudes Spécialisées) in biology and sports medicine (1981), aviation and space medicine (1982), and rheumatology (1984). In 1986 diploma (Diplôme d’Etudes Approfondies) in biomechanics and physiology of movement. Ph.D thesis in neuroscience in 1992.

Organisations

Honorary Member of the Société Francaise de Médecine Aéronautique et Spatiale, Corresponding Member of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), Honorary Member and Administrateur of the Association Aéronautique et Astronautique de France (AAAF), Member of the Académie de l’Air et de l’Espace (ANAE).

Patron of the Cité de l’Espace in Toulouse, the Institut de Myologie de la Pitié-Salpétrière set up by the Association Française contre les Myopathies (AFM), as well as of the Fondation Clarins-Arthritis.

She lends her support to a number of medical associations: maison de parents for hospitalised children, l’Alliance des Maladies Rares with Fondation Groupama and the Kourir association for children suffering from juvenile polyarthritis as well as to many schools and student graduate classes.

Special honours

“Commandeur de la Légion d’Honneur” and “Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Mérite”. The Russian “Order of Friendship” in recognition of her long and successful involvement in Franco-Russian space cooperation, and the Russian “Medal for Personal Valour”.

In 1996, she received the “Grand Siècle Laurent Perrier” Prize and in 1998, the “Henry Deutsch de la Meurthe” Prize from the Académie des Sports. In 2006, she was awarded the “Louise Weiss” Prize.

Experience

From 1984 to 1992, she worked in the Rheumatology Clinic and the Rehabilitation Department at Cochin Hospital in Paris: research and application of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques in rheumatology and sports traumatology.

From 1985 to 1990, she also worked in the Neurosensory Physiology Laboratory at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris. She was involved in development and preparation of scientific experiments in the field of human physiology, in particular with the “Physalie” and “Viminal” experiments flown on the Franco-Soviet “Aragatz” mission to the Mir station in 1988, with Jean-Loup Chrétien aboard the Mir station. Her research topics were human adaptation of motor and cognitive systems in weightlessness.

Claudie Haigneré was selected as a French candidate astronaut in 1985 by CNES, the French Space Agency.

From 1990 to 1992, she was responsible for French and international space physiology and medicine programmes in the CNES Life Sciences Division in Paris.

From 1989 to 1992, she was responsible for scientific coordination of the life sciences experiments aboard the Franco-Russian “Antarès” mission, which took place in 1992.

She regularly took part in parabolic flight campaigns aboard the Zero-G Caravelle.

In October 1992, she was assigned back-up cosmonaut to Jean-Pierre Haigneré for the Franco-Russian “Altair” mission from 1 to 22 July 1993. During this mission, she was responsible for monitoring the biomedical experiments as a member of the ground team at the Mission Control Centre in Kaliningrad, near Moscow.

From September 1993, Claudie Haigneré was responsible for the coordination of the scientific programme of the Franco-Russian “Cassiopée” mission and for the French experiments aboard the ESA Euromir ’94 mission.

In December 1994, she was assigned to the “Cassiopée” mission as Research Cosmonaut and started training in Star City near Moscow on 1 January 1995. The 16-day mission took place from 17 August to 2 September 1996.

In 1997, she worked in Moscow as the French representative of Starsem, the Franco-Russian company.

In May 1998, Claudie Haigneré was selected as back-up for Jean-Pierre Haigneré for the Franco-Russian “Perseus” mission to Mir in February 1999. She trained for EVA and qualified as Cosmonaut Engineer for both the Soyuz vehicle and the Mir space station. During the mission, she was crew interface coordinator at the Mission Control Centre in Koroliev.

In July 1999, she became the first woman to qualify as a Soyuz Return Commander, so that she can now command a three-person Soyuz capsule during its return from space.

On 1 November 1999, Claudie Haigneré joined the European Astronaut Corps, whose home base is the European Astronaut Centre (EAC) in Cologne, Germany. Since then, she took part in ESA development projects for the European Microgravity Facilities for Columbus and supported the medical activities in the Agency’s Directorate of Manned Spaceflight and Microgravity.

In January 2001, she took up training in Star City near Moscow for her assignment for the Andromède mission. In March 2001, she was qualified by ESA/EAC for the ISS Basic Training.

From June 2002 to April 2004, Claudie Haigneré was appointed to the post of Minister for Research and New Technologies by the French Prime Minister.

From April 2004 to June 2005, she served in the French Government as Minister for European Affairs and Secretary General for Franco-German Cooperation.

Since November 2005, she has been employed by ESA as Adviser to the Director General. In this role, she is responsible for European space policy, and participates in the elaboration of ESA’s strategic direction and its adaptation to changes in the geopolitical environment both at international and European level.

As well as sitting as a Board member of the Académie des Technologies, the Cité des Sciences et de l’Industrie, the Fondation C. Génial, the Fondation Lacoste, France Télécom and the Fondation d’Entreprise l’Oréal, Claudie Haigneré is also Chair of the Grand Jury of the Descartes Prize for European Research.

She is a member of the Académie des Technologies, the Académie de l’Air et de l’Espace, the Académie des Sports, and Vice-President of the IAA (International Academy of Astronautics).

Spaceflight experience

From 17 August to 2 September 1996, on the Cassiopée mission, she performed a wide range of experiments in the fields of life sciences (physiology and developmental biology), fluid physics and technology. After completion of the mission, she attended many scientific workshops and conferences, contributing to enhancement of data analysis and preparations for the scientific programmes of future projects.

From 21 to 31 October 2001 Claudie Haigneré participated as first female European astronaut in a “taxi flight” to the International Space Station as Soyuz Flight Engineer. This “Andromède” mission had two main purposes: to exchange the Soyuz spacecraft used as a crew escape vehicle, and to carry out a scientific and technical research programme organized by the French space agency CNES during her eight day-stay onboard the International Space Station.

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