Space Shuttle missions

Atmospheric test flights

Atmospheric test flights by Enterprise at Edwards Air Force Base in California (from the top of the Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft):

Mission Flight date Orbiter Crew Duration*
ALT-12 12 August 1977 Enterprise 2 5 min 21 s
ALT-13 13 September 1977 Enterprise 2 5 min 28 s
ALT-14 23 Septemner 1977 Enterprise 2 5 min 34 s
ALT-15 12 October 1977 Enterprise 2 2 min 34 s
ALT-16 26 October 1977 Enterprise 2 2 min 1 s

* Duration of free flight

Orbital flights and launches

Five space-worthy Space Shuttles have been used since 1981 for 135 orbital missions to launch numerous satellites, space telescopes and interplanetary probes, conduct scientific and technological experiments, observe Earth, look at the stars, service the Russian Mir space station and construct, repair and service the International Space Station.

Two of the Shuttles were destroyed in accidents (marked with asterisk), halting the flights for some years after each.

355 individual astronauts have flown on Space Shuttle missions; 24 from the European countries on flights marked with red in the following list.

Mission Launch date Orbiter Crew Duration
STS-1 12 April 1981 Columbia 2 02 d 06 h
STS-2 12 November 1981 Columbia 2 02 d 06 h
STS-3 22 March 1982 Columbia 2 08 d 00 h
STS-4 27 June 1982 Columbia 2 07 d 01 h
STS-5 11 November 1982 Columbia 4 05 d 02 h
STS-6 4 April 1983 Challenger 4 05 d 00 h
STS-7 18 June 1983 Challenger 5 06 d 02 h
STS-8 30 August 1983 Challenger 5 06 d 01 h
STS-9 28 November 1983 Columbia 6 10 d 07 h
STS-41B 3 February 1984 Challenger 5 07 d 23 h
STS-41C 6 April 1984 Challenger 5 06 d 23 h
STS-41D 30 August 1984 Discovery 6 06 d 00 h
STS-41G 5 October 1984 Challenger 7 08 d 05 h
STS-51A 8 November 1984 Discovery 5 07 d 23 h
STS-51C 24 January 1985 Discovery 5 03 d 01 h
STS-51D 12 April 1985 Discovery 7 06 d 23 h
STS-51B 29 April 1985 Challenger 7 07 d 00 h
STS-51G 17 June 1985 Discovery 7 07 d 01 h
STS-51F 29 July 1985 Challenger 7 07 d 22 h
STS-51I 27 August 1985 Discovery 5 07 d 02 h
STS-51J 3 October 1985 Atlantis 5 04 d 01 h
STS-61A 30 October 1985 Challenger 8 07 d 00 h
STS-61B 26 November 1985 Atlantis 7 06 d 21 h
STS-61C 12 January 1986 Columbia 7 06 d 02 h
STS-51L 28 January 1986 Challenger 7 01 min 13 sec *
STS-26 29 September 1988 Discovery 5 04 d 01 h
STS-27 2 December 1988 Atlantis 5 04 d 09 h
STS-29 13 March 1989 Discovery 5 04 d 23 h
STS-30 4 May 1989 Atlantis 5 04 d 00 h
STS-28 8 August 1989 Columbia 5 05 d 01 h
STS-34 18 October 1989 Atlantis 5 04 d 23 h
STS-33 22 November 1989 Discovery 5 05 d 00 h
STS-32 9 January 1990 Columbia 5 10 d 21 h
STS-36 28 February 1990 Atlantis 5 04 d 10 h
STS-31 24 April 1990 Discovery 5 05 d 01 h
STS-41 6 October 1990 Discovery 5 04 d 02 h
STS-38 15 November 1990 Atlantis 5 04 d 21 h
STS-35 2 December 1990 Columbia 7 08 d 23 h
STS-37 5 April 1991 Atlantis 5 05 d 23 h
STS-39 28 April 1991 Discovery 7 08 d 07 h
STS-40 5 June 1991 Columbia 7 09 d 02 h
STS-43 2 August 1991 Atlantis 5 08 d 21 h
STS-48 12 September1991 Discovery 5 05 d 08 h
STS-44 24 November 1991 Atlantis 6 06 d 22 h
STS-42 22 January 1992 Discovery 7 08 d 01 h
STS-45 24 March 1992 Atlantis 7 08 d 22 h
STS-49 7 May 1992 Endeavour 7 08 d 21 h
STS-50 25 June 1992 Columbia 7 13 d 19 h
STS-46 31 July 1992 Atlantis 7 07 d 23 h
STS-47 12 September 1992 Endeavour 7 07 d 22 h
STS-52 22 October 1992 Columbia 6 09 d 20 h
STS-53 2 December 1992 Discovery 5 07 d 07 h
STS-54 13 January 1993 Endeavour 5 05 d 23 h
STS-56 8 April 1993 Discovery 5 09 d 06 h
STS-55 26 April 1993 Columbia 7 09 d 23 h
STS-57 21 June 1993 Endeavour 6 09 d 23 h
STS-51 12 September 1993 Discovery 5 09 d 20 h
STS-58 18 October 1993 Columbia 7 14 d 00 h
STS-61 2 December 1993 Endeavour 7 10 d 19 h HST
STS-60 3 February 1994 Discovery 6 07 d 06 h
STS-62 4 March 1994 Columbia 5 13 d 23 h
STS-59 9 April 1994 Endeavour 6 11 d 05 h
STS-65 8 July 1994 Columbia 7 14 d 17 h
STS-64 9 September 1994 Discovery 6 10 d 22 h
STS-68 30 September 1994 Endeavour 6 11 d 05 h
STS-66 3 November 1994 Atlantis 6 10 d 22 h
STS-63 3 February 1995 Discovery 6 08 d 06 h Mir
STS-67 2 March 1995 Endeavour 7 16 d 15 h
STS-71 27 June 1995 Atlantis 7/8 09 d 19 h Mir
STS-70 13 July 1995 Discovery 5 08 d 22 h
STS-69 7 September 1995 Endeavour 5 10 d 20 h
STS-73 20 October 1995 Columbia 7 15 d 21 h
STS-74 12 November 1995 Atlantis 5 08 d 04 h Mir
STS-72 11 January 1996 Endeavour 6 08 d 22 h
STS-75 22 February 1996 Columbia 7 15 d 17 h
STS-76 22 March 1996 Atlantis 6/5 09 d 05 h Mir
STS-77 19 May 1996 Endeavour 6 10 d 00 h
STS-78 20 June 1996 Columbia 7 16 d 21 h
STS-79 16 September 1996 Atlantis 6/6 10 d 03 h Mir
STS-80 19 November 1996 Columbia 5 17 d 15 h
STS-81 12 January 1997 Atlantis 6/6 10 d 04 h Mir
STS-82 11 February 1997 Discovery 7 09 d 23 h HST
STS-83 4 April 1997 Columbia 7 03 d 23 h
STS-84 15 May 1997 Atlantis 7/7 09 d 05 h Mir
STS-94 1 July 1997 Columbia 7 15 d 16 h
STS-85 7 August 1997 Discovery 6 11 d 20 h
STS-86 25 September 1997 Atlantis 7/7 10 d 19 h Mir
STS-87 9 November 1997 Columbia 6 15 d 16 h
STS-89 22 January 1998 Endeavour 7/7 08 d 19 h Mir
STS-90 17 April 1998 Columbia 7 15 d 21 h
STS-91 2 June 1998 Discovery 6/7 09 d 19 h Mir
STS-95 29 October 1998 Discovery 7 08 d 21 h
STS-88 4 December 1998 Endeavour 6 11 d 19 h ISS
STS-96 27 May 1999 Discovery 7 09 d 19 h ISS
STS-93 23 July 1999 Columbia 5 04 d 22 h
STS-103 9 December 1999 Discovery 7 07 d 23 h HST
STS-99 11 February 2000 Endeavour 6 11 d 05 h
STS-101 19 May 2000 Atlantis 7 09 d 21 h ISS
STS-106 8 September 2000 Atlantis 7 11 d 19 h ISS
STS-92 11 October 2000 Discovery 7 12 d 21 h ISS
STS-97 30 November 2000 Endeavour 5 10 d 19 h ISS
STS-98 7 February 2001 Atlantis 5 12 d 21 h ISS
STS-102 8 March 2001 Discovery 7/7 12 d 19 h ISS
STS-100 19 April 2001 Endeavour 7 11 d 21 h ISS
STS-104 12 July 2001 Atlantis 5 12 d 18 h ISS
STS-105 10 August 2001 Discovery 7/7 11 d 21 h ISS
STS-108 5 December 2001 Endeavour 7/7 11 d 19 h ISS
STS-109 1 March 2002 Columbia 7 10 d 22 h HST
STS-110 8 April 2002 Atlantis 7 10 d 19 h ISS
STS-111 5 June 2002 Endeavour 7/7 13 d 20 h ISS
STS-112 7 October 2002 Atlantis 6 10 d 19 h ISS
STS-113 23 November 2002 Endeavour 7/7 13 d 18 h ISS
STS-107 16 January 2003 Columbia 7 15 d 22 h *
STS-114 26 July 2005 Discovery 7 13 d 21 h ISS
STS-121 4 July 2006 Discovery 7/6 12 d 18 h ISS
STS-115 9 September 2006 Atlantis 6 11 d 19 h ISS
STS-116 9 December 2006 Discovery 7/7 12 d 21 h ISS
STS-117 8 June 2007 Atlantis 7/7 13 d 20 h ISS
STS-118 8 August 2007 Endeavour 7 12 d 18 h ISS
STS-120 23 October 2007 Discovery 7/7 15 d 02 h ISS
STS-122 7 February 2008 Atlantis 7/7 12 d 18 h ISS
STS-123 11 March 2008 Endeavour 7/7 15 d 18 h ISS
STS-124 31 May 2008 Discovery 7/7 13 d 18 h ISS
STS-126 14 November 2008 Endeavour 7/7 15 d 20 h ISS
STS-119 15 March 2009 Discovery 7/7 12 d 19 h ISS
STS-125 11 May 2009 Atlantis 7 12 d 21 h HST
STS-127 15 July 2009 Endeavour 7/7 15 d 16 h ISS
STS-128 28 August 2009 Discovery 7/7 13 d 21 h ISS
STS-129 16 November 2009 Atlantis 6/7 10 d 19 h ISS
STS-130 8 February 2010 Endeavour 6 13 d 18 h ISS
STS-131 5 April 2010 Discovery 7 15 d 03 h ISS
STS-132 14 May 2010 Atlantis 6 11 d 18 h ISS
STS-133 24 February 2011 Discovery 6 12 d 19 h ISS
STS-134 16 May 2011 Endeavour 6 15 d 18 h ISS
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STS-135 8 July 2011 Atlantis 4 13 days ISS
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