ESA title
Wernher von Braun
Science & Exploration

23 March

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ESA / Science & Exploration / Space Science

1912: On 23 March 1912, Wernher Magnus Maximilian von Braun was born.

Von Braun was the German-born engineer who played a prominent role in all aspects of rocketry and space exploration, first in Germany and, after World War II, in the United States.

His will to expand man's knowledge through the exploration of space led to the development of the Explorer satellites, the Jupiter and Jupiter-C rockets, the Pershing missile, the Redstone rocket. These in turn led to his Saturn rockets which allowed mankind to set foot on the Moon.


1840: On 23 March 1840, Englishman J.W. Draper took the first successful photograph of the Moon.


1837: On 23 March 1837, Richard Anthony Proctor was born.

Proctor was an English astronomer who was the first to suggest in 1873 that lunar craters were the result of meteor impacts, not volcanic activity as had been previously thought. In 1867 he made a map of the surface of Mars showing continents, seas, bays and straits, following Riccioli's mapping of the Moon. He did not identify the channels (canali) as Schiaparelli did after him. Proctor died on 12 September 1888.

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