We have all heard of climate change, but what's really happening to our planet now, in November 2015? As the COP21 summit in Paris looms in December, we set out to establish some of the scientific fundamentals, and hear how space technology is being used to get a truly global view of Earth's vital signs.
Near Les Deux Alps in the French Alps, some 3,200 metres above sea level, we look at how satellite data and glacier measurements can help us to understand the effects of global warming with remote sensing scientist Jean-Pierre Dedieu.
"In the Alps the verdict on climate change is unequivocal," he tells us. "There's really a split compared to the conditions we were able to observe as little as 20 years ago. It concerns the snow, the glaciers are losing surface area and volume."
The reason for the warming is the greenhouse effect. This year, CO2 levels in the atmosphere hit 400 parts per million (ppm), their highest level since the Pliocene era, several million years ago, well before the time of humans.
Meanwhile in the picturesque French fishing port of Collioure, we get the lowdown on rising sea levels and how they differ around the world from IPCC contributor and sea level altimetry pioneer Anny Cazenave.
"The sea continues to rise, and that we can see regularly thanks to satellite data," she says. "So our estimate of 3.3 milimetres per year is very certain now."
That rise is due to three different effects: firstly 10% is ground water pumped out for irrigation that drains to the seas, 30% is the water dilating, or expanding in volume because it is warmer, and 60% comes from glaciers and ice caps melting.