Mission history and status

Missions operated by ESA teams from ESOC or missions whose launch and early orbit phase was conducted at ESOC, Darmstadt, Germany. Missions operated from other locations are noted as such.

Name Purpose Launch date Mission duration Note
ESRO-2 Science 17.05.1968 3 years  
ESRO-1A Science 03.10.1968 2 years  
HEOS-A1 Science 05.12.1968 7 years  
ESRO-1B Science 01.10.1969 2 months  
HEOS-A2 Science 31.01.72 2 years  
TD-1A Science 12.03.72 2 years  
ESRO-4 Science 20.11.72 2 years  
COS-B Science 09.08.75 7 years  
GEOS-1 Science 20.04.77 5 years  
ISEE-2 Science 22.10.77 10 years Operated from NASA/GSFC
Meteosat-1 Weather 23.11.77 8 years  
IUE Science 28.01.78 18 years Operated from Vilspa, joint NASA
GEOS-2 Science 14.07.78 6 years  
OTS-2 Telecom 11.05.78 13 years  
Meteosat-2 Weather 19.06.81 10 years  
Marecs-A Telekom 20.12.81 14 years, 9 months  
Exosat Science 26.05.83 3 years  
ECS-1 Telecom 16.08.83 13 years, 6 months Operated from Redu
ECS-2 Telecom 04.08.84 9 years Operated from Redu
Marecs-B2 Telecom 10.11.84 7 years  
Giotto Science 02.07.85 Hibernation  
ECS-4 Telecom 10.09.87 15 years Operated from Redu
Meteosat-P2 Weather 15.06.88 7 years  
ECS-5 Telecom 21.07.88 12 years Operated from Redu
MOP-1 Weather 06.03.89 6 years  
Olympus Telecom 12.07.89 4 years LEOP only
Hipparcos Science 08.08.89 4 years  
Ulysses Science 06.10.90 18 years Operated by ESA from JPL
MOP-2 (Meteosat-5) Weather 02.03.91 Complete Opearted from EUMETSAT
ERS-1 Earth obs 17.07.91 5 years  
Eureca Microgravity 31.07.92 1 year Retrieved by Shuttle
MOP-3 Weather 20.11.93 Ongoing Operated by EUMETSAT
ERS-2 Earth obs 21.04.95 Complete Complete 5.09.11
ISO Science 17.11.95 3 years LEOP ESOC, operated from Vilspa
MTP (Meteosat-7) Weather 03.09.97 Ongoing Operated by EUMETSAT
Cassini-
Huygens
Science 15.10.97

Cassini continuing

Huygens complete

Joint ESA-NASA mission

Huygens on Titan 14.01.05

Teamsat Technology 30.10.97 5 days Joint with ESTEC
Pastel Payload: Spot4 24.04.98 Complete LEOP only
XMM-Newton Science 10.12.99 Ongoing  
Cluster-II Science 16.07.00 Ongoing Satellites 1 & 2
Cluster-II Science 09.08.00 Ongoing Satellites 3 & 4
Proba-1 Technology Demonstration 22.10.01 Ongoing  
Envisat Earth obs 01.03.02 Complete Complete 09.05.2012
MSG-1 Weather 28.08.02 Ongoing Operated by EUMETSAT
Integral Science 17.10.02 Ongoing  
Mars Express Science 02.06.03 Ongoing  
SMART-1 Science 28.09.03 Complete  
Rosetta Science 02.03.04 Ongoing  
MSG-2 Weather 21.12.05 Ongoing Operated by EUMETSAT
Venus Express Science 9.11.05 Ongoing  
MetOp Weather 19.10.06 Ongoing Operated by EUMETSAT
Columbus Laboratory Science 07.02.08 Ongoing Ongoing – ISS
ATV Jules Verne ISS resupply & reboost 09.03.08 Complete Operated by joint ESA-CNES team from CST
GOCE Earth obs 17.03.09 Complete  
Herschel Science 14.05.09 Complete Orbit at L2
Planck Science 14.05.09 Complete Orbit at L2
Proba-2 Technology Demonstration 2.11.09 Ongoing  Operated from Redu
CryoSat-2 Earth obs 08.04.10 Ongoing  
ATV Johannes Kepler ISS resupply & reboost 16.02.11 Complete Operated by joint ESA-CNES team from CST
Galileo IOV Navigation 21.10.11 Ongoing LEOP by joint ESOC-CNES team from CST
ATV Edoardo Amaldi ISS resupply & reboost 23.03.12 Complete Operated by joint ESA-CNES team from CST
MSG-3 Weather 06.07.12 Ongoing Operated by EUMETSAT
Metop-B Weather 17.09.12 Ongoing Operated by EUMETSAT
Galileo IOV Navigation 12.10.12 Ongoing LEOP by joint ESOC-CNES team from CST
ATV Albert Einstein ISS resupply & reboost 05.06.2013 Complete Operated by joint ESA-CNES team from CST
SWARM Magnetic field studies 22.11.2013 Ongoing  
Gaia Observatory 19.12.2013 Orbit at L2  
Sentinel-1A Earth observation 03.04.2014 Ongoing First Copernicus mission
ATV Georges Lemaître ISS resupply & reboost 29.07.2014 Ongoing Operated by joint ESA-CNES team from CST

Abbreviations

Note: For a full list of all missions conducted by ESA, access Our Missions.

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