The Main Control Room at ESOC in the 1960s
The Main Control Room at ESOC in the 1960s

Mission history and status

Missions operated from ESOC or missions whose launch and early orbit phase was conducted at ESOC, Darmstadt, Germany.

ESOC Mission History
Name Purpose Launch date Note Mission duration
1 ESRO-2 Science 17.05.1968 - 3 years
2 ESRO-1A Science 03.10.1968 - 2 years
3 HEOS-A1 Science 05.12.1968 - 7 years
4 ESRO-1B Science 01.10.1969 - 2 months
5 HEOS-A2 Science 31.01.1972 - 2 years
6 TD-1A Science 12.03.1972 - 2 years
7 ESRO-4 Science 20.11.1972 - 2 years
8 COS-B Science 09.08.1975 - 7 years
9 GEOS-1 Science 20.04.1977 - 5 years
10 ISEE-2 Science 22.10.1977 Operated from NASA/GSFC 10 years
11 Meteosat-1 Weather 23.11.1977 - 8 years
12 IUE Science 28.01.1978 Operated from ESAC, joint w/NASA 18 years
13 GEOS-2 Science 14.07.1978 - 6 years
14 OTS-2 Telecom 11.05.1978 - 13 years
15 Meteosat-2 Weather 19.06.1981 - 10 years
16 Marecs-A Telekom 20.12.1981 - 14 years, 9 months
17 Exosat Science 26.05.1983 - 3 years
18 ECS-1 Telecom 16.08.1983 Operated from Redu 13 years, 6 months
19 ECS-2 Telecom 04.08.1984 Operated from Redu 9 years
20 Marecs-B2 Telecom 10.11.1984 - 7 years
21 Giotto Science 02.07.1985 - 7 years
22 ECS-4 Telecom 16.09.1987 Operated from Redu 15 years, 3 months
23 Meteosat-P2 Weather 15.06.1988 - 7 years
24 ECS-5 Telecom 21.07.1988 Operated from Redu 12 years
25 MOP-1 Weather 06.03.1989 - 6 years
26 Olympus Telecom 12.07.1989 LEOP only -
27 Hipparcos Science 08.08.1989 - 4 years
28 Ulysses Science 06.10.1990 Operated by ESA from JPL 18 years
29 MOP-2 (Meteosat-5) Weather 02.03.1991 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT 15 years, 11 months
30 ERS-1 Earth obs 17.07.1991 Complete 5 years
31 Eureca Microgravity 31.07.1992 Retrieved by Shuttle 1 year
32 MOP-3 (Meteosat-6) Weather 20.11.1993 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
33 ERS-2 Earth obs 21.04.1995 Complete 16 years
34 ISO Science 17.11.1995 LEOP only - operated from ESAC -
35 MTP (Meteosat-7) Weather 03.09.1997 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
36 Cassini-Huygens Science 15.10.1997 Huygens on Titan 14.01.2005/Complete NASA Cassini continuing
37 Teamsat Technology demo 30.10.1997 Joint with ESTEC 5 days
38 Pastel Payload on Spot-4 24.04.1998 LEOP only -
39 XMM-Newton Science 10.12.1999 - Ongoing
40 Cluster-II Science 16.07.2000 Satellites 1 & 2 Ongoing
41 Cluster-II Science 09.08.2000 Satellites 3 & 4 Ongoing
42 Proba-1 Technology demo 22.10.2001 - Ongoing
43 Envisat Earth obs 01.03.2002 Complete 09.05.2012 9 years, 10 months
44 MSG-1 Weather 28.08.2002 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
45 Integral Science 17.10.2002 - Ongoing
46 Mars Express Science 02.06.2003 - Ongoing
47 SMART-1 Science 28.09.2003 Electric-ion propulsion -
48 Rosetta Science 02.03.2004 Philae comet landing 12.11.2014 Ongoing
49 MSG-2 Weather 21.12.2005 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
50 Venus Express Science 09.11.2005 Mission complete - data analysis continues 9 years
51 MetOp Weather 19.10.2006 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
52 GOCE Earth obs 17.03.2009 Electric-ion propulsion -
53 Herschel Science 14.05.2009 Orbit at L2 -
54 Planck Science 14.05.2009 Orbit at L2 -
55 Proba-2 Technology demo 02.11.2009 Operated from Redu Ongoing
56 CryoSat-2 Earth obs 08.04.2010 Ice mission Ongoing
57 Galileo IOV G1&G2 Navigation 21.10.2011 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from CST -
58 MSG-3 Weather 06.0720.12 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
59 Metop-B Weather 17.09.2012 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
60 Galileo IOV G3&G4 Navigation 12.10.2012 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from CST -
61 SWARM Earth obs 22.11.2013 Trio studying Earth's mag field Ongoing
62 Gaia Observatory 19.12.2013 Billion-star surveyor Ongoing
63 Sentinel-1A Earth obs 03.04.2014 First Copernicus mission Ongoing
64 Galileo FOC G5&G6 Navigation 22.08.2014 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from ESOC -
65 IXV Tech demo 11.02.2015 ESOC support for Fdyn, Estrack, Ops -
66 Sentinel-2A Earth obs 23.06.2015 Second Copernicus mission Ongoing
67 Galileo FOC G7&G8 Navigation 27.03.2015 LEOP by joint ESOC/CNES team from CST -
68 MSG-4 Weather 15.07.2015 LEOP only - operated by EUMETSAT -
 

Notes

  1. For a full list of all missions conducted by ESA, access: Our Missions
  2. This list also includes IXV, which was supported by teams deployed from ESOC to the ALTEC control centre, Turin, and on board ship. In the past decades, numerous missions operated from locations other than ESOC have also been supported by personnel from ESOC, e.g. Ariane launches are supported by Estrack's Santa Maria station, while ATV missions were supported by operations specialists dispatched from ESOC to the ATV Control Centre, Toulouse.
 

Last update: 28 August 2015

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