The European Space Agency (ESA) Science website presents news, information and the latest imagery on ESA activities to a broad spectrum of people interested in space and space activities.
The Science website offers users the possibility to learn more about ESA's Science Directorate and more about specific areas and programme themes. It serves the media with news articles, stories, press releases, photos, archives, fact sheet and news subscription service, as well as the general public with general interest articles, animations and videos. It also serves as a channel to link visitors to ESA's more specialised scientific and technical sites, which are of interest to various space-related communities.
Access to, and use of, the ESA Science website constitutes acceptance of the following general terms and conditions. Neither ESA nor any other party involved in creating, producing or delivering the website shall be liable for any direct, incidental, consequential, indirect or punitive damages arising out of users' access to, or use of, the website. The Science website does not guarantee the accuracy of information provided by external sources and accepts no responsibility or liability for any consequences arising from the use of such data.
Though ESA uses the best technical standards to control its site, material may inadvertently include technical inaccuracies or other errors. We would be grateful if users could notify us of errors or inaccuracies if they find any. Please note that users browse and use the website at their own risk. ESA does not warrant that the functional aspects of the website will be uninterrupted or error-free or that this website, or the server that makes it available, are free or viruses or other harmful components. ESA may change material on the site without prior notice.
Access and availability of service and links
The ESA Science site may contain links and references to third-party websites. These are provided for the convenience and interest of users and on the part of ESA this implies neither responsibility for, nor approval of, information contained in these web sites. ESA makes no warranty, either explicitly or implied, as to the accuracy, availability or content of information, text or graphics which are not under the 'sci.esa.int' and 'esa.int' domain. ESA has not tested any software located on other sites and does not make any representation as to the quality, safety, reliability or suitability of such software.
Personal data privacy
By accessing the ESA Science website, certain information about users, such as internet protocol (IP) addresses, navigation through the site, software used and time spent, as well as other similar information, will be stored on ESA servers. These will not specifically identify users and the information will be used internally for web site traffic analysis only. If users provide unique identifying information, such as name, address and other information on forms stored on this site, this information will be used for statistical purposes only and will not be published or made available for general access.
ESA does not sell or rent its website users' names, addresses, e-mail addresses or other personal information.
If you are registered on the ESA database and would like your name to be removed, please navigate to the main ESA site at http://www.esa.int, click on the Comments link and follow the instructions. This will enable you to remove your details from ESA’s database.
Use of IP address
The IP address is a number that is automatically given to your computer when you are surfing on the internet. Servers and ‘big computers’ that host web pages, automatically identify your computer through its IP number. ESA uses IP addresses in order to carry out statistics, however, as IP addresses and personal identification are not linked to each other users remains anonymous.
Cookies are pieces of information that a website transfers to an individual hard drive for record-keeping purposes; passwords are not saved in cookies. Cookies help ESA to know which pages are visited most often and helps ESA to ensure that its web site responds to users' needs.
If you do not wish to receive a cookie, or if you wish your browser to notify you when you receive a cookie, you may use the option on your web browser to disable cookies. Click on the 'help' section of your browser to learn how to change cookie preferences. However, please note that if you disable all cookies you may not be able to take advantage of all the features available on this website.
ESA does not use personal identification details transferred through cookies either for promotion or marketing purposes, nor will such information be shared with a third party.
Forums and discussions
From time to time the ESA Science website contains bulletin boards, chat rooms, access to mailing lists and other message and communication facilities (collectively termed 'forums'). Users agree to use forums only to send and receive messages and materials that are strictly related to the particular forum. When using an ESA forum users agree not to do any of the following:
- Users may not download, distribute or otherwise publish through the ESA Science website any content which is libellous, defamatory, obscene, pornographic, abusive or in any way violates any laws.
- Forums are for non-commercial use only. Users should not distribute or otherwise publish any material containing any solicitation for funding, advertising or solicitation for goods or services without requesting and receiving prior written approval from ESA.
- Users shall not delete any author attributions, legal notices, proprietary designations or labels from any file that is downloaded nor falsify the origin or source of software or other material contained in a file that is downloaded.
ESA does not and cannot review every message posted by users on forums and is not responsible for the content of any messages posted. ESA reserves the right to delete, move or edit, at its sole discretion, messages that it deems abusive, defamatory, obscene, in violation of copyright laws or unacceptable. Users shall remain solely responsible for the content of their messages.
Users acknowledge that any submissions may be edited, removed, modified, published, transmitted and displayed by ESA. Users should be aware that all forums and discussion groups are public and not private communications. Further, users acknowledge that chats, postings, conferences and any other form of communication by other users are not endorsed by ESA, and that such communications shall not be considered as having been reviewed, screened or approved by ESA.
ESA encourages parents or guardians to stay with children under 13 when the children are online and to participate in any interactive activities offered on the web site. ESA will not process any personal data of a child under 13 without the previous consent of a parent, guardian, teacher or other person exercising control of the child. No personal data or information will be used for promotional or marketing purposes.
The contents of the ESA Science website are intended for the personal and non-commercial use of its users. ESA grants permission to users to visit the site, and to download and copy information, images, documents and materials from the web site for users' personal non-commercial use. ESA does not grant the right to resell or redistribute any information, documents, images or material from its web site or to compile or create derivative works from material on its website. Use of material on the website is subject to the terms and conditions outlined below.
All material published on the ESA Science website is protected by copyright and owned or controlled by ESA or the party credited as the provider of the content, software or other material.
Users may not modify, publish, transmit, participate in the transfer or sale of, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, display or in any way exploit any of the content, software, material or services, in whole or in part, without obtaining prior written authorisation. In order to obtain authorisation to display or use any content of the ESA Science website, please make a request for authorisation by clicking on Comments at the main ESA site at http:/www.esa.int. For any further information regarding the ESA Science website, please see the ESA Portal disclaimer at http://www.esa.int/export/esaCP/SEMNXVZKQAD_index_0.html