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Outer Space Treaty (OST)printer friendly page
Outer Space Treaty (OST)
 
Documents
Workshops and conferences
Books
Articles
Useful links
 

 
Documents

Report of the International Law Association (ILA) New Delhi Conference (2002):“Proposal for a Protocol to the 1967 Outer Space Treaty” (p. 3)

Report of the International Law Association (ILA) London Conference (2000): Main Conclusions of the Introductory Report of the Special Rapporteur for the 1967 Space Treaty, S. Hobe (p. 3, and comments on the report at p. 7)

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's Remarks at the Signing of the Treaty on Outer Space (1967)

UN Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies (Outer Space Treaty) (1967)
UNGA RES 2222 (XXI)

UN Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space (1963)
UNGA RES 1962 (XVIII)  
 

 
Workshops and conferences

United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR)
Conference: “Celebrating the Space Age: 50 Years of Space Technology, 40 Years of the Outer Space Treaty”
Geneva, Switzerland, 2-3 April 2007

United Nations/Republic of Korea Workshop on Space Law: “United Nations Treaties on Outer Space: Actions at the National Level”
Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 3-6 November 2003

Report (A/AC.105/814)
 
 

 
Books

S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD, K.-U. SCHROGL (eds),
“Cologne Commentary on Space Law, Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”
Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

M. MARCOFF
“Traité de droit international public de l’espace”
Pedone, Paris, 1973.

L. M. SURHONE, M. T. TENNOE, S. F. HENSSONOW
“Outer Space Treaty”
VDM Publishing House, 2010.
 
 

 
Articles

M. N. ANDEM
“The Outer Space Treaty as the Magna Charta of Contemporary Space Law: A Brief Reflection”
In “Proceedings of the Forty-Seventh Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 2004”, Vol. 47, pp. 292-307.

E. BACK IMPALLOMENI
“Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty”
In “Proceedings of the United Nations/Republic of Korea Workshop on Space Law: United Nations Treaties on Outer Space: Actions at the National Level, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 3-6 November 2003”, United Nations, 2004, p. 348.

H. A. BAKER
“Protection of the Outer Space Environment: History and Analysis of Article IX of the Outer Space Treaty”
Annals of Air and Space Law, Vol. XII, 1987, p. 143.

S. BATSANOV
“The Outer Space Treaty: Then and Now”
In “Celebrating the Space Age: 50 Years of Space Technology, 40 Years of the Outer Space Treaty: Conference Report, 2-3 April 2007 / UNIDIR, United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, Geneva, Switzerland”, United Nations, 2007.

U. M. BOHLMANN, G. SÜSS
“Article XIII of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD, K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law, Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

A. BUECKLING
“The Strategy of Semantics and the “Mankind Provisions” of the Space Treaty”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 7, 1979, p. 15.

B. CHENG
“The 1967 Outer Space Treaty: Thirtieth Anniversary”
Air and Space Law, Vol. 23, Issues 4-5, 1998, pp.156-165.

B. CHENG
“Article VI of the 1967 Space Treaty Revisited: “International Responsibility”, “National Activity”, and “The Appropriate State”” Journal of Space Law, Vol. 26, 1998, p. 7.

B. CHENG
“The 1967 Space Treaty”
Journal de droit international, Vol. 95, 1968, p. 582.

M. COUSTON
“Le traité de l’espace ou le legs idéal”
Revue française de droit aérien et spatial, Vol. 203, N. 3, 1997, pp. 213-237.

P. DELVILLE
“Réflexions sur le principe de non appropriation de l’espace extra atmosphérique et des corps célestes”
Revue française de droit aérien et spatial, Vol. 250, N. 2, 2009, pp. 137-160.

P. G. DEMBLING, D. M. ARONS
“The Evolution of the Outer Space Treaty”
Journal of Air Law and Commerce, Vol. 33, 1967, pp. 419-456, reprinted in F. LYALL, P. B. LARSEN (eds.), “Space Law”, Ashgate, 2007, pp. 151-188.

F. von der DUNK
“Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty “in the European Context”” In “Proceedings of the Fiftieth Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 2008”, pp. 547-59.

F. von der DUNK
“The Outer Space Treaty”
In “Proceedings of the United Nations/Republic of Korea Workshop on Space Law: United Nations Treaties on Outer Space: Actions at the National Level, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 3-6 November 2003”, United Nations, 2004, p. 193.

F. von der DUNK, G. M. GOH
“Article V”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD, K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law, Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

E. FASAN
“The Meaning of the Term “Mankind” in Space Legal Language”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 2, 1974, p. 125.

J. M. de FARAMIÑÁN JILBERT
“Le traité sur les principes régissant les activités des états en matière d'exploration et d'utilisation de l'espace extra atmosphérique, y compris la Lune et les autres corps célestes”
In “ECSL Summer Course on Space Law and Policy: Basic Materials”, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1994, pp. 20-35.

S. FREELAND, R. JAKHU
“Article II of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

J. I GABRYNOWICZ
“The Outer Space Treaty and Enhancing Space Security”
In “Building the Architecture for Sustainable Space Security: UNIDIR Conference Report, 30-31 March 2006”, United Nations, 2006, p. 113.
“The Evolution of the Outer Space Treaty”

J. I. GABRYNOWICZ
“Origins and Characteristics of the Space Law Treaty Regime”
In “Proceedings of the United Nations/Republic of Korea Workshop on Space Law: United Nations Treaties on Outer Space: Actions at the National Level, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 3-6 November 2003”, United Nations, 2004, p. 140.

M. GERHARD
“Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

G. GOH
“Articles XIV-XVII of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

A. A. GOLROUNIA, M. BARAMI
“Outer Space Treaty and State Responsibility: A Change of Concept”
In “Proceedings of the Forty-Fourth Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, 2001”, Vol. 44, pp. 73-77.

A. KAPUSTIN
“Article X of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

A. KERREST
“Launching Spacecraft from the Sea and the Outer Space Treaty: The Sea Launch Project”
Air and Space Law, Vol. 23, Issue 1, 1998, pp. 16-20.

A. KERREST, L. J. SMITH
“Article VII of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

D. H. KIM
“Commentary to Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty”
In “Proceedings of the United Nations/Republic of Korea Workshop on Space Law: United Nations Treaties on Outer Space: Actions at the National Level, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 3-6 November 2003”, United Nations, 2004, p. 352.

V. KOPAL
“International Legal Regime on Outer Space: Outer Space Treaty, Rescue Agreement and the Moon Agreement”
In “Proceedings of the United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law: Meeting International Responsibility and Addressing Domestic Needs, Abuja, 21-24 November 2005 ”, United Nations, 2006, p. 8.

S. HOBE
“Article I of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

S. MARCHISIO
“Article IX”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

S. MARCHISIO
“Commentary to Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty”
In “Proceedings of the United Nations/Republic of Korea Workshop on Space Law: United Nations Treaties on Outer Space: Actions at the National Level, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 3-6 November 2003”, United Nations, 2004, p. 359.

M. G. MARKOF
“Disarmament and “Peaceful Purposes” Provisions in the 1967 Outer Space Treaty”
Journal of space Law, Vol. 4, N. 1, 1976.

T. L. MASSON-ZWAAN
“Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty and Private Human Access to Space”
In “Proceedings of the Third Eilene Galloway Symposium on Critical Issues in Space Law, Washington DC, USA, 11 December 2008”.

T. L. MASSON-ZWAAN
“Article IV of the Outer space Treaty and Private Human Access to Space”
In “Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law, 2008”, AIAA, 2009, pp. 536-546.

J.-F. MAYENCE, T. REUTER
“Article XI of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

R. A. MORGAN
“Military Use of Commercial Communication Satellites: A New Look at the Outer Space Treaty and “Peaceful Purposes””
Journal of Air Law and Commerce, Vol. 60, 1994-1995, p. 309.

A. G. QUINN
“The New Age of Space Law: The Outer Space Treaty and the Weaponization of Space”
Minnesota Journal of International Law, Vol. 17, 2008, p. 475.

O. RIBBELINK
“Article III of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

A. SAKOTA
“Implementation of Article VI of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty: The Responsible State and Appropriate State for Private Space Activities”
In T. KOMORI, K. WELLENS (eds.), “Public Interest Rules of International Law: Towards Effective Implementation”, Ashgate, 2009.

K.-U. SCHROGL, J. NEUMANN
“Article IV of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

B. SCHMIDT-TEDD, S. MICK
“Article VIII of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

L. J. SMITH
“Article XII of the Outer Space Treaty”
In S. HOBE, B. SCHMIDT-TEDD., K.-U. SCHROGL (eds.), “Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Volume I: Outer Space Treaty”, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, 2010.

J. SU
“The “Peaceful Purposes” Principle in Outer Space and the Russia–China PPWT Proposal”
Space Policy, Vol. 26, Issue 2, 2010, pp. 81-90.

J. SU
“Use of Outer Space for Peaceful Purposes: Non-militarization, Non-aggression and Prevention of Weaponization”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 36, N. 1, 2010.

L. I. TENNEN
“Article II of the Outer Space Treaty and the Use of Extraterrestrial Resources”
In A. KERREST (ed.), “L'adaption du droit de l'espace à ses nouveaux défis: Liber amicorum: Mélanges en l'honneur de Simone Courteix”, Pedone, 2007.

F. TRONCHETTI
“The Non-Appropriation Principle as a Structural Norm of International Law: A New Way of Interpreting Article the II of the Outer Space Treaty”
Air and Space Law, Vol. 33, Issue 3, 2008, pp. 277-305.

N. D. WELLY
“Enlightened State-Interest: A Legal Framework for Protecting the “Common Interest of all Mankind” from Hardinian Tragedy”
Journal of Space Law, Vol. 36, N. 1, 2010, pp. 273-313.
 
 

 
Useful links

UNOOSA searchable online treaty status database
 
 
Last update: 27 June 2011

 


 
 
 
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