The GSTP is an optional permanent ESA programme separated into three elements (Develop, Make and Fly).
Element 1 “Develop”: Technology developments for future missions, ground applications and tools
The activities performed under Element 1 are dedicated to the development of technologies, building blocks, components and test beds for projects and the economic operators, i.e. Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs), large enterprises, industry, satellite operators, satellite providers, universities and research organisations from low TRL to qualification and covering the following themes:
- Earth Observation;
- Robotic Exploration Preparation;
- Human Spaceflight and Exploration Preparation;
- Space Transportation and Re-entry Technologies;
- Security for the citizens including Space Situational Awareness;
- Generic Technologies and Techniques, including cross-cutting technologies such as Clean Space (in particular CleanSat), Advanced Manufacturing, Design to Produce and Space Technologies for Energy;
- Preparatory activities for the e.Deorbit mission and technology developments in the relevant fields;
- Technology transfer.
Element 2 “Make”: Development of technology and products for commercial sustainability
The activities performed under Element 2 are all co-funded with industry (from 50%, 75% to 100%) and aim to:
- Strengthen worldwide competitiveness in new and existing markets;
- Establish strategic capabilities which should result in stronger competiveness in the mid-term;
- Develop products in response to gaps in the supply chain e.g. by environmental regulations, migration to new technology and other causes;
- Initiate or strengthen technology transfer.
Element 3 “Fly”: In-orbit demonstration of new technologies, preparation of future missions and small missions
The activities performed under Element 3 aim at:
- Implementing in orbit demonstration of technologies either as products in need of acquiring flight heritage, hosted payload or complete space missions (small spacecraft, CubeSats etc.);
- Conducting investigations and studies to prepare for future missions in particular breakthrough and new generation types of missions;
- Conducting ad hoc small missions.